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B.interventionC.diversionD.welfare procedures Answer: B61.An undertaking in lieu of a bond assumed by a parent orcustodian who shall be responsible for the appearance in court ofthe child in conflict with the law, when required is known asA.Status offenseB.None of theseC.RecognizanceD.BailAnswer: C62.What is the type of offense committed where there is no privateoffended party involved?A.Status offenseB.Victimless crimeC.Minor crimeD.None of theseAnswer: B63.What is the doctrine that requires a process of resolving conflictswith the maximum involvement of the victim, the offender andthe community?A.Proactive justiceB.Restorative justiceC.Reactive justiceD.All of the aboveAnswer: B64.One of the following is an act constituting exploitation and sex
abuse among children in exchange of any form of incentive.A.Child traffickingB.Child abuseC.Child prostitutionD.Child racketeeringAnswer: C65.Centuries ago, criminal behavior was believed to be the result ofevil spirits and demons.Guilt and innocence were established by avariety of procedures that presumably called forth thesupernatural allies of the accused. The accused were innocent ifthey could survive an ordeal, they were guilty if they died at thestake or if omens were associated with them. In the 18thcentury,this spiritual determination began to give way to:A.The belief that there is no such thing as bad spiritsB.The belief that humans are rational creatures with freewill,whoseek happiness and pleasure and avoid painC.The belief that man is a demon and devilD.The belief that man is evolved from the animal ape.Answer: B66.Among the following classical thoughts in Criminology is notcorrect:A.The Classical school of Criminology is spearheaded byBentham and Beccaria.B.The Classical School of Criminology is an advocate ofpunishment as a deterrent to crime.C.The Classical School of Criminology argues that criminalswere primitive creatures, incapable of living normally in
society.D.The Classical School of Criminology also argued thatnature has placed mankind under the governance of twosovereign masters, “pain” and “pleasure’.Answer: C67.What school of thought in Criminology challenges the propositionthat man has absolute free will to choose between good and eviland states that it is not absolute as presumed to be becausefree will can be diminished by pathology, mental disorders andother conditions that may instigate personal responsibility?A.Neo-classical School of CriminologyB.PositivismC.Hedonistic CalculusD.Radical CriminologyAnswer: A68.The Classical School of thoughts in Criminology is based on theprinciple of free will. The positivist thoughts on the other hand isfocused on the principle of:A.DarwinismB.DeterminismC.Cognitive FunctioningD.Conceptual ThinkingAnswer: B69.The Differential Association Theory provides a good illustration ofa social learning approach perspective in Criminology Criminalbehavior according to this theory is: