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The three technology techniques have distinct

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The three technology techniques have distinct advantages due to their distinct effects that aretailored to the needs of smart tourism destinations. By enabling scalable access, cloud servicesenable various entities, such as applications, programs, or data, to share information (Dikaiakoset al., 2009 in Koo et al., 2016). Based on a slew of sensors, chips, and actuators substantiallyintegrated in the destination's physical infrastructure, the IOTS system is in charge of datagathering, information analysis, whole-system automation, and system control. Throughapplications and devices, the end-user internet service system provides cloud services and IOTS(Huang and Li, 2011 in Koo et al., 2016). Cloud services, IOTS, and end-user internet servicesystems are smart technologies that have significant value in engaging at all levels ofstakeholders in the tourism context, allowing for synergistic connections between diversetourism and non-tourism stakeholders (Gretzel et al., 2015). As a result, it can be stated that sometechnologies are particularly crucial for the development of smart tourism destinations, and thatcertain smart technologies are necessary for the success of smart tourism destinations.10
Conceptual Model of Destination CompetitivenessDestination competitiveness is defined as a destination's capacity to provide a better touristexperience and a better living environment for local residents than competing places (Crouch andRitchie, 1999; Dwyer and Kim, 2003). Along with the definition, a conceptual model ofdestination competitiveness was created to describe the term in a holistic manner, mostly throughassessments of literature from broadly related research domains (Crouch and Ritchie, 1999).Crouch and Ritchie's (1999) conceptual model is widely regarded as the best approach tounderstanding destination competitiveness; as a result, a number of studies using the conceptualmodel have investigated destination competitiveness quantitatively and qualitatively in a varietyof settings. As a result, the conceptual model of smart destination competitiveness proposed inthis work is based on Crouch and Ritchie's destination competitiveness model (1999).Destination management features also boost the effects of core resources and attractors((Femenia-Serra, 2017). The backbone of the diamond of national competitiveness framework,which served as the foundation for destination competitiveness conceptualization, is comparativeadvantages and competitive advantages (Femenia-Serra, 2017). To understand destinationcompetitiveness, comparative advantages and competitive advantages must be the focus. Theirvariables are uncontrolled elements that destinations must watch and conquer in order to be orremain competitive in the global (macro) environment (Femenia-Serra, 2017). These difficulties,on the other hand, may present chances for any location to innovate and seize market potential.

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Smart Tourism, Smart Tourism Destination

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