100%(11)11 out of 11 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 5 - 6 out of 11 pages.
Depended on voluntary support by business and the publicUsed parades, billboards, magazine ads, and celebrity events to persuade people to buy only from companies that subscribed to an NRA code and displayed the NRA symbol, a blue eagle, and its slogan: “we do our part”Under pressure from Francis Perkins- the NRA textile code banned child laborIt also affirmed workers right to organize unionsReconstruction Finance Corporation: leant large sums to banks, insurance companies, andeven new business ventures making it a potent financial resource for corporate America.Problems and Controversies Plague the Early New DealThe NRA and the AAA faced problemsCode violations increasedSmall businesses complained that the codes favored big corporations. Corporate trade associations used the codes to stifle competition and fix prices1935- NRA ruled unconstitutional unanimously. Two reasons:oThe law gave the president regulatory powers that constitutionally belonged to congressoRegulated commerce within in the state, violating the constitutional provision limiting federal regulation to interstate commerceThe AAA’s crop reduction payments actually hurt southern tenants and sharecroppersThe interracial southern tenant farmers’ union, led by the socialist party, emerged. Black Sunday- racing winds created dunes fifty feet high during the dust bowl of the 1930s3.5 million people left the great plains in the 1930s- nicknamed the Okies- complicated new deal agricultural planningHarry Hopkins persuaded FDR to support direct federal relief programs, rather than channelingfunds through state and local agencies.Hopkins was named to head a temporary agency- the Civil Works Administration. Hopkins wanted to put people to work and get money circulating in contrast to Ickes who examined every proposal with a fine tooth comb. Hopkins’ approach proved more influential. 1934-1935: Challenges from Right and Left1934- nearly 2000 strikesConservatives attacked the new deal as socialisticAnti-new Deal American Liberty league formed by several business leaders and al smith. Despite this, the new deal remained popularRoosevelt engaged in fireside chats- they underscored his formal nature. Roosevelt’s mastery of radio would provide a model for politicians of the television era. Midterm elections further enforced the new deal because democrats increased their congressional majorities. Some people criticized the new deal for going too far while others said it did not go far enough.Francis Townsend proposed that the government pay two hundred dollars a month to all retired citizens, requiring them to spend it within thirty days. He said this would help the elderly, stimulate the economy, and create jobs by encouraging retirement.