One role take precedence above all others division

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one role take precedence above all others), compartmentalization (division into categoriesor sections). Classic Studies: The Sociology of Secrecy and of Secret SocietiesEveryone feels the need to deviate, but how do people deal with it? Through secrecy. Georg Simmel was the first sociologist to study secrecy and social construction of deviance and deviant communities. The ‘first world’ is the world of recognized socially acceptable activities. The ‘second world’ includes (usually) hidden or deviant activities. Lies are dangerous to modern society because a person bases assumptions on things they cannot easily confirm. But each relationship has ‘white lies’ and a tolerable amount of lies. Within this context ‘secret societies’ hold important context in religious and political life. A secret society is ‘an interactional unit characterized in its totality by the fact that
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reciprocal relations among its members are governed by the protective functions of secrecy. Dyads, Triads and Small Groups. Some social forms emerge without people’s intention in a social situation. Simmel divides sociology into two elements: content-the purpose or motive for an action or interaction. Form-the mode of interaction among individuals through which the specific content achieves social reality. Two person groups tend to either agree or fall into hard to solve conflicts. Odd-numbered groups are characterized by compromise and shifting alliances. One person will serve as apeacemaker between the other two, but no intermediary is available in a binary group. Voluntarist position: argues our social behavior is clear reflection of our goals, values andintentions and that our identities shape our interactions. Since groups are collections of individuals linked together by social interaction, they need their members to play special roles. Functionalists argue that all social systems (groups, communities, societies, etc) have these systematic self-maintaining features that enable them to survive, move forward and achieve their goals. Symbolic interactionists argue that we are all, everyday, creating and invigorating ‘the social structure’ which would not exist without our intentional cooperative efforts. Functionalism argues that social systems persist outside of the efforts and intentions of individuals, they force us to conform whether we are aware or unaware, willing or not. Teams Bands and GangsSmall groups are perfect places to watch social scripts and social forms in action. Teams, Bands and Gangs (TBG) are particularly useful in these observations. Usually people join TBG because they want to identify with, be identified with, the particular team band or gang. TBG are hierarchical with leaders who set specific goals and mobilize resources to achieve these goals. TBGs are much like a family. TBGs have a stable division of labour, and use teamwork and cooperation. Cliques, Networks and Small Worlds A direct connection is a link of kinship, friendship or acquaintance

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