The opium war not only generated china in economic

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The opium war not only generated China in economic modernization, but also brought the social political system. China astonished by the loss of opium war. Humiliated by the defeat at the hand of westerners, many Chinese officials and intellectuals realized that China should learn from the west and catch up them. Before the war, Lin Ze-xu who was the advisor of Chinese emperor warned the emperor to modernize their military arms with acquirement of European’s weapons. Many intellectuals rethought China’s social and political system. They argued that the government should protect the growth of capitalism and keep the development of capitalism in the nation. The political reform was generated in China, Hundred Days Reform. 8It was a national, political and education movement to adopt westerner’s idea. On September 1898, a group of advisors read numerous edicts for the emperor Guang Xu, starting with this reform. It attempted to institute reform in government, education, the army and economy. Newspapers and Peking Imperial University were created 8 Sheng, Shirley Ye. "The Evil Trade That Opened China to the West."
Ahn and improved the law codes for China. Even if this reform turned out to be failure, the reform proved that China was ready to change and adopt the modernization.By adopting the new reform, China began to destroy the Chinese feudal system. The Opium War generated many weaknesses of the Chinese feudal system. After the opium war, farmers had a devastating social effect on their shoulders. The Manchu government could no longer protect and govern the farmers. Poverty was the major problem after the war. Within the sing of the treaty of Nanking, the government showed its serious weaknesses and brought the Chinese economic collapse. The opium war symbolized the discredit from people on the Chinese government and encouraged popular movements to change the situation. Looking at the social disasters and weakening of the government, Chinese decided to make China strong. Most importantly the private enterprises started to form and spread out the nation. Seeing the fact that Great Britain earned large revenue from the enterprises, China started new industries. After the collapse of the feudal system in China, people were stimulated to invest in modern enterprises. Chinese enterprises had potential to develop. And government launched a political change in China after the Opium war. With the right to form private enterprises without government interventions and companies, many enterprises in China could compete in the market place. The Chinese intellectuals suggested the parliamentary system and it was the first bold attempt of private citizens to get involved in the government. After the first opium war, China not only modified idea of westerners, but also changed their military policy. From the Opium war, China realized that western technology was way better than the Chinese technology. China started to forgo the ideal of isolationist.

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