He promised forgiveness with malice toward none and

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he promised forgiveness: “With malice toward none, and charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds… to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and a lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.” But Radical Republicans insisted that the Confederate states pay for their crimes and supported Sherman’s plan to confiscate Confederate land and give it to the slaves. Rejecting Lincoln’s plan, they passed the Wade-Davis Act, which required that a majority of a state’s population swear loyalty to the Union before being restored to the Union. Lincoln killed the bill with a “pocket veto,” i.e., he withheld his signature beyond the required 10-day limit. One plan did receive President Lincoln’s approval the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, known as the Freedmen’s Bureau. Created a few weeks before Lincoln’s death, its goal was to provide food, clothing, healthcare, and education for both black and white refugees in the South. The
Bureau helped reunite families that had been separated by slavery. It negotiated fair labor contracts between former slaves and white landowners. By representing African Americans in the courts, the Bureau established a precedent that black citizens had legal rights. Howard University, the Hampton Institute, and Fisk University were financed with the help of the Bureau. By the time the Bureau disbanded in 1872, more than 250,000 students had attended 4,300 Freedmen’s schools. Civil War Timeline The events that led up to the Civil War began in the 1850s. Scholars note that this was one of the most important decades in American history, alongside the 1780s, 1930s and 1960s. The events of this decade would irrevocably lead America to Civil War (1861–1865). But with the assassination of President Lincoln, the hopes of Reconstruction would end in failure. Civil War Timeline 1850 Compromise of 1850 Congress agrees to the Compromise of 1850. 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act Item Description. 1857 Dred Scott The Supreme Court rules against Dred Scott. 1860 Lincoln Elected Abraham Lincoln wins the presidential election; South Carolina secedes from the Union. 1861 The Civil War begins The Civil War begins at Fort Sumter, SC; the Battle of Bull Run 1862
Shiloh Thousands die as Shiloh 1863 Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Proclamation takes effect; Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg. 1864 Sherman's March Sherman's March to the Sea; Lincoln reelected. 1865 Lincoln assassinated Lee surrenders to Grant; Lincoln assassinated. 1866 KKK Ku Klux Klan forms in TN. 1867 Military Rule South placed under military rule. 1868 New President Ulysses S. Grant elected President 1870 Right to Vote Fifteenth Amendment gives African Americans the right to vote. 1876 Election of 1876 Rutherford B. Hayes defeats Samuel Tilden in the disputed election of 1876. 1877 Reconstruction Ends Reconstruction ends.

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