(1) Law enforcement authorities must obtain a warrant in order to deploy a drone and conduct surveillance. Exceptions are emergency situations in which there is immediate danger. In order to obtain a warrant, an agency must have probable cause. They must provide information detailing specific reasons why a drone is necessary to gather evidence relating to a criminal offense. As outlined in the Drone Aircraft Privacy and Transparency Act of 2013 (H.R. 1262), a statement regarding data collection should also be provided, including the location where the drone will be deployed, the length of time, and whether personal information will be gathered. If yes, then details regarding the type of data, length of storage, and procedures for destroying irrelevant data must also be submitted. Deployment of a drone in emergency situations such as fires or in search and rescue missions, a law enforcement agency may bypass obtaining a warrant.
(2) Images and audio material obtained by a UAS that is not relevant to an investigation must be discarded within one week (or some specified number of days). To protect the privacy of residents it is important to regulate data retention. Footage recorded by a drone may contain personally identifiable information that should not be
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