M1.5: Agricultural Efficiency and the Land Grant University Mission: ANSC 100 Summer 2018 (WC).pdf

Norman borlaug documentary trailer 51918 535 am m15

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Norman Borlaug Documentary Trailer
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5/19/18, 5(35 AM M1.5: Agricultural Efficiency and the Land Grant University Mission: ANSC 100 Summer 2018 (WC) Page 5 of 6 Norman Borlaug Documentary Trailer Video Transcript ( ) ( ) (PDF) Let’s summarize what we have learned in this lecture. One hundred years ago almost half of the U.S. population was engaged in farming and the typical family spent 43% of its income one food. Today less than 2% of our population lives on farms and families spend less than 15% of their income on food. That savings has gone to improve our quality of life, to invest in education, science and technical innovation, to provide a social safety net and support the arts; basically, to provide us with the high quality of life we all enjoy. If you doubt this, do this experiment. Look at your budget and put aside about 50% for food (like in 1901). Now, pay for housing, transportation and clothing. How much do you have left? Pretty scary? In a nutshell, feeding the world while continuing to enjoy a high quality of life is going to depend on continued growth in total factor productivity or efficiency of agricultural production. The increased production needed to feed the world in 2050 will come from roughly the same amount of agricultural lands and it is going to rely on science and technology. How will we accomplish this? Well, in the next lecture Dr. Etherton will tell you how and give you some present day examples. He will be discussing the topic of the impact of science and biotechnologies on agricultural production. The problems to be resolved Will we be able to produce enough food at affordable prices or will rising food prices drive more of the world's population into poverty and hunger? How much spare capacity in terms of land and water do we have to feed the world in 2050? What are the new technologies that can help us use scarce resources more efficiently, increase and stabilize crop and livestock yields? Are we investing enough in research and development for breakthroughs to be available in time?
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5/19/18, 5(35 AM M1.5: Agricultural Efficiency and the Land Grant University Mission: ANSC 100 Summer 2018 (WC) Page 6 of 6 Will new technologies be available to the people who will need them most - the poor? How much do we need to invest in order to help agriculture adapt to climate change, and how much can agriculture contribute to mitigating extreme weather events?
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  • Spring '17
  • Robert mikesell
  • Test Prep, Land-grant university, Land Grant University

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