Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

Vehicle washers and assistants are often employed by

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Vehicle washers and assistants are often 'employed' by taxi drivers, who are themselves employees of taxi owners. The Minister of Labour is planning to introduce a sectoral determination for the taxi industry during 2003. (81) The draft sectoral determination for the taxi industry should outlaw the use of children in this industry. It should deem the taxi owners and taxi drivers to be the co-employers of children working in the industry . Lead institution: ECC ; Secondary institution: DL . New policy? Yes. Once off cost / recurrent cost : Nil additional cost. (82) The DL and provincial Departments of Transport responsible for registering taxi owners should encourage taxi associations to urge their members not to use children in the industry , and to encourage drivers not to employ children as car washers and in assistants. Lead institution: DL; Secondary institution: DT. New policy. Nil additional cost. 5.11 Scavenging and recycling rubbish Little is known about the extent of child work in scavenging, recycling of rubbish and associated practices. This activity was not captured in the SAYP and is not discussed in the Discussion Document. There is, however, anecdotal evidence of children scavenging in rubbish bins or rubbish dumps in search for scraps of food. Children also salvage items they can sell for recycling, or make into things to sell. Some of these are street children, others live with their families. Scavenging and recycling is dangerous because the environment is very unhygienic and children often suffer cuts and bruises, which can lead to digestive disorders, food poisoning and skin diseases. There is also outright exploitation where adults act as intermediaries, controlling the sale of items for recycling, and paying the children very low rates. Scavenging emerged as an area for priority action in the consultative workshops in the Western Cape: (83) Research should be done regarding children involved in scavenging and recycling to determine the extent of the problem and possible solutions or good practices models . Lead institution: DSD ; Secondary institutions: RI, DL, NGOs. New policy? Yes. Once off cost : minimal. Recurrent cost: nil. Time line : to be done within one year of adoption of policy. ILO funding: cost to be covered under ILO funding. (84) The questionnaire used for the next SAYP module should be able to identify scavenging and recycling activities . Lead institution: StatsSA ; Secondary institution: DL . New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost : nil. (85) Municipalities , which are responsible for rubbish collection, should look into ways of alleviating the problem while ensuring that the needs of these children are addressed (e.g. lack of food). Lead institution: LG . New policy? Yes. Once off and recurrent cost : cost depends on proposed solution. Time line : to be done within three years of adoption of policy to allow for learning from research.
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