MGNT110 NOTES.docx

Religious bodies political belief sport care of

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Religious Bodies Political Belief Sport Care of children Accommodation Combat Duties and Peacekeeping Services General Exemptions Special Measures: all anti-discrimination legislation contains a general exception for workplace policies and procedures that aid equal opportunity. Dividends of workplace diversity Benefits of diversity include : Better use of employee talent Increased understanding of the market place Enhanced breadth of understanding in leadership position Increased quality of team problem solving Reduced costs associated with high turnover, absenteeism and law suits Factors shaping personal bias Workplace prejudice: The tendency to view people who are different as being deficient Discrimination: Acting out of prejudicial attitudes Stereotypes: Rigid, exaggerated and irrational beliefs associated with a particular group of people Stereotypes Often based on folklore, media portrayal and other unreliable sources Contain negative connotations Assume that all members of a group have the same characteristics Roadblocks to valuing diversity Ethnocentrism : The belief that one’s own group or subculture is inherently superior to other groups or cultures Monoculturalism : A culture that accepts only one way of doing things and one set of values and beliefs Cultivating cultural diversity Organisations can aim for: Pluralism : Where the organisation accommodates several subcultures, and include employees who would otherwise feel isolated and ignored Ethnorelativism : Where organisation views groups and subcultures as inherently equal Factors affecting women’s careers The glass ceiling: Invisible barrier that separates women and minorities from top management positions The opt-out trend: Dropping out of mainstream careers Diversity challenges
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More women in the workforce More dual-career couples Employees with disabilities Need to address issues of: Work-life balance conflicts Harassment at work Accommodating workers with disabilities Demands for equal employment opportunities Challenges of multi-cultural companies Managers must develop new skills and awareness to handle the unique challenges of global diversity Expatriates (employees who live and work in a country other than their own) Must adjust to new conditions Achieving cultural competence Cultural competence refers to the ability to interact effectively with people of different cultures 5 steps to implementing diversity plan: Uncover diversity problems Strengthen top management commitment Choose solutions to fit a balanced strategy Demand results Maintain momentum Current responses to diversity Enhancing structures and policies Expanding recruitment efforts Establishing mentor relationships Increasing awareness of sexual harassment Using multicultural teams ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE AND THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT The External Environment
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