loanwords which are typically academic words needed to succeed in school art

Loanwords which are typically academic words needed

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loanwords which are typically academic words- needed to succeed in school- art, geography, math, social studies, painting, animal, experiment, electricity, etc- words get more complex as child is more educated 6. Over the years, linguists have developed three very different theories about language works. Briefly describe Traditional/Cognitive, Structural, and Generative-Transformational. Which do you find most convincing? traditional/cognitive- idea that langage is a reflection or reasonable logical thought, idea that every word in a sentence belongs to a particular part of speech, each part defined according to its meaning and function Structural- said traditional was not scientific and relied on sloppy circular arguments, believed instead that langiage consists of sounds in the air- auditory phenomena- these sounds are the raw materials, the study of grammar is a study of the meaningful patterns (collocations) of words in a sentence, interested in understanding how linguistic structures are organized and how they fit into sentences, way to analyze is to look at distinctive sounds, sound patterns, how sounds are arranged into words, and how those words are then arranged into structures Generative transformational- language consists of a complex generative system that works like math, finite number of forms and rules can generate infinite grammatical structures, idea that language is infinite and infinitely creative, generative tree diagrams represent universal grammar- each language has a
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different set of form and rules but all can be represented by generative trees, think of generative rules that will duplicate a human speaker’s ability to generate an infinitive amount of meaningful language, goal is to write all the rules that will generate all and only the grammatical sentences in a particular language 7. Write parallel transcriptions in IPA and Webster for the following words: dream, thrill, rain, bet, valley, dispute, should, coal, dawn, hospital, strike, house, enjoy Original IPA Webster dream dri m ː drēm thrill θr l ɪ thril rain re n ɪ rān bet b t ɛ bet ˈ valley væli ˈ va-lē dispute d s pju t ɪ ˈ ː di- spyüt ˈ should d ʃʊ sh d or sh d ə coal k l əʊ kōl dawn d n ɔː d n or dän ȯ hospital h sp tl ˈ ɒ ɪ hä-( )spi-t l ˌ strike stra k ɪ strīk house ha s ʊ ha s enjoy n ɪ ˈʤɔɪ in- j i ˈ ȯ
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  • Spring '12
  • Schissel
  • WEBSTER, loanwords

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