CRIMINAL J
INTRO%20TO%20CJ-CHPT%201%2C2%20%26%204%20STUDY%20GUIDE%281%29.docx

Consists of individual incident records for the eight

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Consists of individual incident records for the eight major crimes and 38 other offenses, with details on offense, victim, offender, and property involved Records each offense occurring in an incident Distinguishes between attempted and completed crimes Records rape of males and females Restructures definition of assault Collects weapon information for all violent offenses Provides details on arrests for the eight major crimes and 49 other offenses Chapter 4-CRIMINAL CRIMES & LIMITS OF THE LAW CHAPTER TERMS Rule of Law : The principle that standards of behavior and privilege are established by laws and not by monarchs or religious leaders Common Law : Unwritten, simply stated laws, based on traditions and common understandings in a time when most people were illiterate Felony : Serious criminal conduct punishable by incarceration for more than one year Misdemeanor : Less serious criminal conduct punishable by incarceration for less than a year Stare Decisis : The U.S. system of developing and applying case law on the basis of precedents established in previous cases Right to Privacy : The principle that laws violate personal privacy cannot be upheld Failure to Act : An exception to actus reus in which a person fails to act when there is a legal duty to act Possession : An exception to actus reus in which a person is in possession of an illegal item General Intent : Criminal intent in which a person has common sense understanding that the results of his or her actions might cause harm Specific Intent : Criminal intent in which a person knowingly takes action to commit a crime Transferred Intent : Criminal intent in which a person intends to harm a person but instead harms a different person. Constructive Intent : Criminal intent in which a person does not intend to harm anyone but should have known that his or her actions created the risk of harm Knowing Possession : A person being in control of contraband but not having actual possession of it Mere Possession : A person actually being in possession of an item but not knowingly that it is contraband
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Inchoate Offense : An action that goes beyond mere thought but does not result in a completed crime Solicitation : Requesting or commanding of another to commit a crime Conspiracy : Planning by two or more people to commit a crime Attempt : An incomplete criminal act; the closest act to the completion of a crime Defenses : Justifications or excuses defined by law by which a defendant may be released from prosecution or punishment for a crime Name the four types of Intents and explain two? TYPES OF DEFENSES- Privilege : A type of defense in which the defendant claims immunity from punishment for an admitted violation of the law because it was related to his or her official duties Defense of Duress : A legal claim by a defendant that he or she acted involuntarily under the threat of immediate and serious harm by another Necessity
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  • Fall '13
  • criminal law, assault, robbery

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