If it is mad bad badly done irrational illegal ultra

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if it is : mad bad badly done ( irrational ) ( illegal ; ultra vires ) ( procedural impropriety ) n.b. judicial review ‘ ………
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LMC CASE LAW aka : precedent ; stare decisis Who makes it ? The judges……… …. Their interpretations set precedents for the future and any similar situations should be handled in the same way…..
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LMC CASE LAW Judge interprets an expression in a statute ( Act ) which is unclear - that interpretation is then used in later cases ( eg. R v Ghosh and the Theft Act 1968 … until …… ) There is no Act, but there is a previous case which is similar - the judge uses the reasoning / logic ( ratio decidendi ) from the old case to reach a decision in the new case ( eg. Donoghue v Stevenson )
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LMC CASE LAW When is a case precedent binding ? Supreme Court : can follow its own previous decisions or change its mind ; Court of Appeal: must follow the SC, and should usually follow its own ; High Court : must follow SC and Capp and should usually follow its own ; ‘inferior’ courts: should follow all those above ……. Consistency ……. Predictability …… Economy …….
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LMC CASE LAW N.B. No previous binding case precedent
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