Nonetheless no matter what form creatine may be in it

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phosphate, creatine ester is also considerably more expensive than monohydrate. Nonetheless, no matter what form creatine may be in, it ultimately provides more energy and augments strength, endurance, and lean body mass. Indisputably, the most basic form of muscle and strength-enhancing material is amino acids. Amino acids are divided into two groups: essential (needed by the body) and non- essential (not needed by the body). Essential amino acids are comprised of Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Trpytophan, and Valine. The non-essential amino acids consist of Alanine, Arginine, Asparagine, Aspartic Acid, Cysteine, Glutamic Acid, 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137
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Glutamine, Glycine, Proline, Serine, and Tyrosine. Further, Isoleucine, Leucine, and Valine are known as Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) because their structure has a “branch” off the main trunk of the molecule. These three essential amino acids also make up approximately one- third of the skeletal muscle of the body. Branched chain amino acids are normally associated with muscle building and recovery, and rightly so. Isoleucine stabilizes and regulates blood sugar and energy levels. It is also needed for hemoglobin formation. When combined with Leucine and Valine, they enhance energy, increase endurance and aid in the healing and repair of muscle tissue, making them a valuable tool for athletes (Shimomura). Leucine contributes to the secretion of insulin from the pancreas, as well as the stimulation of growth hormone production. In conjunction with Isoleucine and Valine, it helps to protect the muscle tissue and provide energy for the body. The third BCAA, Valine also helps to uphold and repair muscle tissue as well as maintain proper nitrogen balance in the body (Shimomura). For these very reasons, Branched Chain Amino Acids are extremely popular among athletes and body builders. However, they are not the only amino acids to offer strength-enhancing benefits. Glutamine, the most abundant amino acid in the body, is often used up during athletic activity for energy, but when supplemented aids in protein synthesis, hydration, and stimulate growth hormones. In addition, Glutamine greatly assists in preventing illness and infection. Beta-Alanine, not to be confused with regular Alanine, is classified as a non-proteinogenic amino acid, therefore not aiding in protein synthesis. Nonetheless, Beta-Alanine is one of the top endurance and strength- enhancing supplements. Essentially, Beta-Alanine greatly increases Carnosine levels during times of increased strain on the body. During exercise, the body releases Hydrogen ions which lower the pH of muscles that are being worked. When the pH of a muscle drops below a specific range, the strength and endurance drops as well. Carnosine absorbs these Hydrogen ions and 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160
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balances the pH of the muscles, thus continuing strength and endurance for a longer period of time. “Research has shown that supplementing Beta-Alanine for just four weeks can increases Carnosine concentration by 42%-65%.
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Christopher Reinemann
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