Struggling with somewhat normal life problems martina

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struggling with somewhat normal life problems, Martina is likely to be seen by a counseling psychologist because she does not have a psychological disorder) DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.1d MSC: Analyzing NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 7. Gervase has been diagnosed with agoraphobia with panic attacks. a. What type of psychotherapy has been proven to be most effective for treating Gervase’s disorder? b. Explain one therapeutic technique that is effective for treating Gervase’s fear of situations that he cannot escape (his agoraphobia). c. Explain one (different) therapeutic technique that is effective for treating Gervase’s overwhelming terror (his panic attacks). ANS: Answers may include: a. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is most effective for treating anxiety disorders (Gervase has agoraphobia with panic attacks).
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b. To treat Gervase’s agoraphobia (fear/phobia response), you could use either systematic desensitization (exposure to the anxiety-producing stimulus while having Gervase relax at the same time) or exposure (repeated exposure to the anxiety-producing stimulus). c. To treat Gervase’s panic attacks, cognitive restructuring (identifying negative, maladaptive thought patterns and replacing them with thoughts that are more realistic) is particularly effective. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.2b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 8. Roxanne has been in treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) for several months. However, she does not feel that her treatment is effective. a. What type of psychotherapy has shown to be most effective for Roxanne’s disorder? b. Explain one behavioral therapeutic technique that may be used to treat Roxanne or people with other anxiety disorders. c. Describe a type of biological treatment that Roxanne could try to improve her symptoms of OCD. ANS: Answers may include: a. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is most common and effective for treatment of OCD. b. Exposure and response prevention—technique that teaches the use of relaxation techniques in response to an anxiety-provoking trigger stimulus followed by the therapist preventing the client from being able to perform the compulsive behavior. Other acceptable answers include systematic desensitization (technique involving exposure to increasingly anxiety- producing stimuli or situations while having the client relax at the same time) and exposure (technique involving repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing stimuli or situation with the goal of reducing fear). c. Roxanne could try antidepressants (moderately effective when combined with CBT) or deep brain stimulation, which may be effective for clients with OCD who have not found relief with CBT or medication.
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