Similarities between Gorillas, Chimpanzees and Humans
4 Humans share a numerous amount of similarities with Chimpanzees and Gorillas. All three are considered primates. As primates, they share similar body structures. They all show similarities in their opposable thumbs, toes and have no tails. Humans, gorillas and chimpanzees can stand on 2 feet or can assume a position to walk on all 4 when needed. All 3 share similarities in intelligence, studies have shown that both the species of gorillas and chimpanzees are capable of learning sign language for communication with humans and humans have the option of learning sign language. In all 3 species we see evidence of demonstrating and feeling empathy for others. We also can compare all 3 in terms of motherhood, in all 3 pregnancies the gestational period is about 9 months and having a live birth. The mother’s usually have 1 offspring per pregnancy, while having twins is somewhat rare. They can sustain their child through their infancy by solely breastfeeding. In all 3 species the mothers care attentively for their children during their adolescence until they deem the child to be independent. Behaviorally, chimpanzees, gorillas and humans are extremely similar. All 3 share many characteristics, to me it is most notable that they show affection or reassurance by touch. Playful roughhousing is something that all 3 do as well. They are all extremely curious of the unknown and proceed with caution when coming near something they are unsure of. Families remain together until the children are ready to “ leave the nest”. They also share aggressive behavioral traits such as physically fighting over something, throwing things when upset or to scare others. One story that really stood out to me was from the Goodall video where the chimp named Passion and her daughter teamed up to kill and eat several infant chimps. Although it is rare in primate culture, we see proof that it can happen. We can observe that type of demented behavior in humans not only by a human physically doing so, but because humans can also simulate that behavior in movies where the behavior may be learned or taken seriously by another.
5 Differences between Gorillas, Chimpanzees and Humans Communication also holds its various differences between the 3 species. While both gorilla and chimpanzee species are capable of learning sign language for communication with humans, they each have their own type of noises to communicate with one another. Gorillas can bark and generate up to 25 distinct noises and chimpanzees also have their on unique calls. Humans communicate in several languages depending on the region in which they are from. Humans have diverse languages where as the gorillas and chimpanzees do not.
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- Summer '14
- Gorilla, Hominidae, Chimpanzee, Goodall