GPO-CONAN-2017-10-15.pdf

Marriage and familial relations 2224 sexual

Info icon This preview shows pages 4–9. Sign up to view the full content.

Marriage and Familial Relations ............................................................................... 2224 Sexual Orientation ...................................................................................................... 2226 Poverty and Fundamental Interests: The Intersection of Due Process and Equal Protection ................................................................................................................. 2229 Generally ............................................................................................................... 2229 Criminal Procedure .............................................................................................. 2231 The Criminal Sentence ........................................................................................ 2233 Voting and Ballot Access ..................................................................................... 2233 Access to Courts ................................................................................................... 2235 Educational Opportunity ..................................................................................... 2237 Abortion ................................................................................................................ 2239 Section 2. Apportionment of Representation ........................................................................... 2240 Apportionment of Representation ..................................................................................... 2240 Sections 3 and 4. Disqualification and Public Debt ............................................................... 2241 1836 AMENDMENT 14—RIGHTS GUARANTEED
Image of page 4

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Sections 3 and 4. Disqualification and Public Debt—Continued Disqualification and Public Debt ...................................................................................... 2242 Section 5. Enforcement ............................................................................................................. 2243 Enforcement ........................................................................................................................ 2243 Generally ...................................................................................................................... 2243 State Action ................................................................................................................. 2244 Congressional Definition of Fourteenth Amendment Rights ................................... 2248 1837 AMENDMENT 14—RIGHTS GUARANTEED
Image of page 5
Image of page 6

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

RIGHTS GUARANTEED FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT S ECTION 1 . All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immu- nities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State de- prive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due pro- cess of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT AND STATES’ RIGHTS Amendment of the Constitution during the post-Civil War Re- construction period resulted in a fundamental shift in the relation- ship between the Federal Government and the states. The Civil War had been fought over issues of states’ rights, particularly the right to control the institution of slavery. 1 In the wake of the war, the Congress submitted, and the states ratified the Thirteenth Amend- ment (making slavery illegal), the Fourteenth Amendment (defin- ing and granting broad rights of national citizenship), and the Fif- teenth Amendment (forbidding racial discrimination in elections). The Fourteenth Amendment was the most controversial and far- reaching of these three “Reconstruction Amendments.” CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES The citizenship provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment may be seen as a repudiation of one of the more politically divisive cases of the nineteenth century. Under common law, free persons born within a state or nation were citizens thereof. In the Dred Scott case, 2 however, Chief Justice Taney, writing for the Court, ruled that 1 “Since the 1950s most professional historians have come to agree with Lin- coln’s assertion that slavery ‘was, somehow, the cause of the war.’” James M. McPherson, Southern Comfort , T HE N EW Y ORK R EVIEW OF B OOKS (Apr. 12, 2001), quoting Lincoln’s second inaugural address. 2 Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. (19 How.) 393 (1857). The controversy, political as well as constitutional, that this case stirred and still stirs is exemplified and ana- lyzed in the material collected in S. K UTLER , T HE D RED S COTT D ECISION : L AW OR P OLI - 1839
Image of page 7
this rule did not apply to freed slaves. The Court held that United States citizenship was enjoyed by only two classes of people: (1) white
Image of page 8

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern