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Nazis define who is a Jew for the first timeoPeople are puzzled how to prove their background (Aryan)Priests and pastors had records and supply information to attest to someone’s racial purityFalse documents also available on the black marketNazi goal was to dissimilate the Jews1934- 20,000 Jews leave (some actually return)Policies against mentally/ physically disables groups are also being passed in 1933oForced sterilization Nuremburg Laws (September 15, 1935)Declares that Jews are not a part of the new GermanyJews felt a sense of relief when these laws were passed because Jews felt they knew where they going (this was the new reality)oOrganized Jewish community planned a mass evacuation of Jews from GermanySupposed to end in 1950: Germany would be Jew-freeOffered classes to teach Jews new skills that would allow them to survive in new countries
Typing, English, agricultural, etc. DEFINTIONS OF WHO IS A JEW IN NUREMBURG LAWoJew = person who had 3 or 4 Jewish grandparentso1 Jewish grandparent, 3 Aryan = not a JewAllow for a certain level of mixtureo2 Jewish, 2 Aryan grandparents = it depends Not married to a Jew/ don’t belong to Jewish community = not a JewMarried to a Jew/involved in the Jewish community = Jew Sort of going back to the religious definition of a JewoHitler decides on these definitions because he is concerned about German public opinionAvoid rise of resentment and resistance Way the laws in this document are written to communicate ideas/beliefs about groups Current Theory: Hitler influenced not only be de Gobineau, Chamberlain, and US Jim Crow LawsBerlin Olympics (1936)Nazis did not give foreign journalists any evidence of Jewish persecution to avoid criticism of Nazi regimeoTook down offensive signsoPeriod of relaxation for JewsSome were even allowed to compete on the German team Jesse Owens (black) defies Hitler’s race theoryoFirst American track and field athlete to win 4 gold medals in one Olympic game Fleeing the NazisAs years went on, the numbers of Jews fleeing Nazi Germany increased Mainly fled to Belgium, Holland, France, UK, and SwitzerlandUS was hard because in 1924 US passed immigration law that dramatically reduced number of immigrants allowed every year oAsia, Eastern Europe, Southern Europe were barely allowedoIn the 1930s, America had quotas by countryGermany-Austria = 26,000 a year The administration often didn’t meet the quote on purpose (4500)Consciously chose to not allow Jewish refugees into America America fulfilled their quote in 1939 due to events in GermanyEvian ConferenceDelegates from 32 countries met to talk about Germany-Austria emmigrationOnly Dominican Republic offered to accept refugees (100,000)oDifficult for Jews to get there, only 600-700 arrived thereNo one was willing to change their immigration lawsAustralia “we have no real racial problem, and we are not desirous of importing one”
“Aryanization” of Jewish PropertyAryanization started in 1933o