And so saying she went into the presence of the master Then the master said to

And so saying she went into the presence of the

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And so saying, she went into the presence of the master. Then the master said to her, "Have you obtained, Gotami, the mustard seed?" "Finished, sir, is the matter of the mustard seed" she said. "You have indeed restored me." And the master then uttered this verse: A person with a mind that clings, Deranged, to sons or possessions, Is swept away by death that comes — Like mighty flood to sleeping town. At the conclusion of this verse, confirmed in the fruit of stream-entry, she asked the master [for permission] to go forth [into the homeless life]. The master allowed her to go forth. She gave homage to the master by bowing three times, went to join the community of nuns, and having gone forth, received her ordination. It was not long before, through the doing of deeds with careful attention, she caused her insight to grow... and she became an arahant ( a worthy one) – she will never again be reborn to fail the suffering.- HELPS US UNDERSTAND HOW BUDDISM UNDERSTANDS THE WORLD AND THE LIVED REALITIES DURING THE
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ERA – WE UNDERSTAND THE PLACE OF WOMEN DURING THIS TIME AND THAT THE WOMEN COULD REMAIN VAULUE BY BECOMING A NUN AND RELEVIE HERSLEF FROM THE CYCLE Ritual part of the understanding What are the characteristics of religious ritual? - Embedded in a cultural system- they make references to shared cultural patterns (styles of dress, important stories) - Performed- always enacted in front of real or imagined audience- its not productive work its its own work - Formalistic and Rules-Governed- the performance follows a set pattern and the rules are known by the participants - Traditionalistic / invariant- doesn’t mean that it can’t change but gives the impression that it does not change- The degree to which activities are ritualized – for instance, how much communality, how much appeal to deities and other familiar rites, how much formality or attention to rules, and how much emphasis on performance or appeal to traditional precedents – is the degree to which the participants suggest that the authoritative values and forces shaping the occasion lie beyond the immediate control or inventiveness of those involved. It may be assumed that these values and forces are lodged in divine beings, in historical models, or even in the natural superiority of some people over others. … Ritualization tends to posit the existence of a type of authoritative reality that is seen to dictate to the immediate situation. In many sociological analyses, this is one of the most basic social acts in the construction of reality” (Bell, 169).- rituals posit that the current ritual is more significant than the reality of the situation What does ritual do? - Ritual forms/reinforces communities and communal consensuses- greater sense of communal identity - Ritual provides a means of connecting actions with an authoritative reality- gives a way to ascribe a value to your own life and actions - Ritual provides an experiential and performative explanation of social realities- lets you feel and enact certain social realities The rites of passage 3 stages - 1. Separation- those who are involved are separated of their social existence - 2. Liminality- the individuality of the people are minimized – their social roles during the event is emphasized and its more about community - 3. Regeneration- includes a change in social status and are understood differently by the community and creates a new social reality Death rituals involved this process often
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  • Winter '17
  • Angela Sumegi
  • Van Gennep

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