Hazards can occur during production storage transportation of hazardous

Hazards can occur during production storage

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Hazards can occur during production, storage, transportation of hazardous materials and can cause death or even serious injury. In the event of a chemical release, the ERG (Emergency Response Guidebook) is a quick response guide to any chemical emergency. By utilizing the ERG, first responders can quickly identify the material that has been released, and they can also calculate the approximate amount, determine if the chemical is flammable or toxic, and the protective measures to keep themselves and the public safe. The ERG contains color-coded sections that enable the user to look things up quickly without knowing a page number, which is paramount during the initial phase of a chemical release. The Emergency Response Guide book is updated every four years to ensure that emergency information is up-to-date. An ongoing training program is of the utmost importance in keeping personnel familiar with the ERG and what material they are dealing with within the event of a chemical release. Fishman, E. (2016, August 10). Getting the Most Out of the Emergency Response Guide (ERG). Retrieved from - response-guide-erg/ QUESTION 3 Describe how the chemical characteristics, production methods, uses, and associated unique hazards of sulfur can affect the safety of an environmental health and safety (EHS) and fire science (FS) professional. Your response must be at least 75 words in length. Sulfur is a naturally occurring element throughout the world, both in natural deposits and in different minerals and ores. Sulfur occurs in two different forms – as part of the element brimstone in natural deposits and also as pure sulfur, a colorless, odorless solid. Even in its natural state, sulfur is dangerous as it contains hydrogen sulfide, a toxic gas that smells like rotten eggs. The fumes can overwhelm anyone nearby, so care must be taken as the gas form can accumulate in the space above the liquid in storage containers. Both forms can be hazardous for EHS and FS professionals for various reasons. When sulfur is ignited, it melts and the liquid burns with a blue flame before vaporizing. This combustion produces sulfur dioxide which is a poisonous gas with a suffocating odor. Sulfur
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melts easily under fire conditions, so care must be taken to construct dams or dikes to direct the flow of molten sulfur away from combustible materials. When pure sulfur is heated, it forms a fine dust called flowers of sulfur, which, when dispersed in air, can be a potentially explosive mixture, endangering anyone nearby. It can be ignited by the static electricity generated by the movement of particles in the air. Elemental sulfur can also react with many other agents, resulting in a heat reaction that can also cause ignition. All mixtures containing sulfur and oxidizing agents carry a danger of fire and explosion, so these substances should be kept separate at all costs. Various forms of sulfur are found in many compounds and materials, such as the manufacture of sulfuric acid, fertilizers, dyes, vulcanized rubber products, pesticides, drugs, fireworks, and matches, to name a few.
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  • Fall '10
  • GUAN
  • Sulfur, Coal, Chemistry of Hazardous Materials

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