God is dead movement was based on the view of a

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"God is dead" movement was based on the view of a transcendent God so what's the point of having God Whenever nihilists think and then trust their thinning, they are somewhat contradictory "Breath" - the death of art itself Because it doesn't give people hope, it tends to offer people substitutes for hope (i.e. hedonism – pursuit of pleasure) Break down of periodization: Pre-modern, modern, and post-modern Premodern world is the world of faith and superstition Philosophy is the footnote to Plato All aspects of life were viewed as a product of divine intervention (rain, crop yield, etc.) the people who carried the power were the priests (whether Jewish or pagan) Positive feature: emphasis on community Truth, for the most part, is absolute
Modern world is called the triumph of science and reason Explain things through nature rather than just a supernatural explanation Advances in astronomy, maritime navigation, advances in the sciences that leads to a shift in people's focus to more physical than spiritual explanations for the world Religious power is not the sole owner of truth The individual begins to get some kind of ascendency over community There's a progressivism associated with it and people take for granted that things are getting better Marked by a sort of self-assurance or confidence in the human ability High view of humanity that was crushed by WWI and WWII Postmodern world Core characteristic is diversity Many see postmodernism as of new frontiers Tends to be a reaction to modernism and tends to be less optimistic, more suspicious, and more pragmatic Does not assume that humans can know everything Prone to ambiguity Tend to be more cynical Many argue that our allegiance to institutions tends to lose its grip

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