One effects of the impact second the enormous growth

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organizations whose purpose was to get rid of misery, pain of outcasts. One effects of the impact Second, the enormous growth of church members. Women more likely to join church because women are virtuous, women are more pious and pure. The number of women skyrockets even more.
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II. Benevolent Empire reforms: -Temperance—ceasing consumption of alcohol -diet and health -educaiton -prison reform -abolition -women’s rights -utopian communities Most successful efforts—temperance. Revivalists believed that alcohol was a huge problem because you won’t make the choices to become perfect, you will commit sins. Americans drank avg. of 7 gallons of hard liquor a year. What’s the problem with alcohol? Less in control of actions, people were using their money on alcohol. People are unsure of their jobs, the middle class and the working class—you don’t want the working class drinking alcohol because they spend money on it and then they become a problem with the community. Your employees could harm themselves, damage property, and decrease productivity. Middle class individuals want people to stop drinking, not just middle class, but everyone to stop. The america’s temperance society founded in 1826 and it advocates total abstinence, no drinking. There is propaganda, the society made of men and women, by 1834 there were approx. 5,000 societies, over a million were members and eventually a national temperance society is formed. Another type of form—Education. Many people believed that you needed to instill order and thrift and control in society. We have Horace Mann, 1837 became head of Mass. Board of Education and is part of perfectionist impulse. Believed that children could be perfected, and he lists a number of reforms. –Structure grades (1 st grade, 2 nd grade) report cards, also said that state taxes should pay for education, not the parents. needed public education. Increases the school year, had been 2-3 months, then changed it to 10 months. He also demands compulsory attendance. These affects take a long time to filter through the states, Virginian doesn’t have compulsory education until 1901. He is also responsible for text books, promotes McGuffey’s Readers, and sale 50 million by mid century. They are moral stories. They preached industry, honesty, patriotism, encouraged students to obey authority, and man came
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with a day governed by bells. So, what does this look like? They are preparing students to become good workers just as industrialization emerges. Man want to instill values. The catholics were often targeted. As the demands for teaching and public school increased, they need more teachers. In the north, women begin to enter the field of teaching. Then there was prison reform, Eastern State Penitentiary, Philadelphia. Criminal behavior fit into perfectionist mode, it can be reformed. One of the ideas that came out of this is solitary confinement. You are supposed to think about your crimes, you are alone with your thoughts and maybe you can repent and find God. They aren’t the only institutions….
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