Ative and even dangerous situations may develop in

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ative and even dangerous situations may develop in families under- going conflict and stress. It is critical to know how to recognize and deal with unhealthy cycles of family behavior. Family Violence hen conflict occurs and family members react in out-of- W control ways, violence may result. Violence can be emo- tional, physical, or sexual in nature. No matter what form it takes, it is destructive to family health. any act of violence involving family members, is a criminal act that can be prosecuted by law. All types of domestic violence involve abuse. Abuse includes any mistreatment of one person by another. The main forms of abuse in the home include the following: Domestic violence Make a list of crises that families may experience. In what healthful ways might families cope with these crises? 286 Chapter 11 Family Relationships
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What are the elements of a safety plan against abuse? People in abusive situations should develop a safety plan that includes: Places and situations to avoid. Avoid locations that have only one exit. Try not to be around the abuser when he or she has been drinking or using drugs. Possible escape routes. Doors, first-floor windows, basement exits, elevators, and stairwells are options. A place to go. Go some- where safe, such as a friend’s or relative’s home, a shelter, or a hotel. Telephone numbers. Know the number of the domestic violence hot line. Use it to get help or information. 287 Lesson 3 Dealing with Family Crises Police are often the first to respond to reports of domestic violence. Learn what resources are avail- able in your community to help victims of abuse. is a pattern of behavior that attacks the emotional development and sense of worth of an individual. Yelling, bullying, name-calling, and threats of physical harm are examples of emotional abuse. is the intentional infliction of bodily harm or injury on another person. Slapping, punching, kicking, pinching, and throwing objects at another person are all forms of physical abuse. involves any sexual contact that is forced upon a person against his or her will. Sexual abuse includes making unwelcome comments of a sexual nature to another person as well as actually touching the person in an unwelcome sexual way. Spousal Abuse Domestic violence directed at a spouse is called . Spousal abuse may occur in all kinds of families, regardless of edu- cation level, income, or ethnicity. Often, this mistreatment results when one partner uses physical strength to try to control the other. However, the abuse may also be emotional or sexual in nature. Spousal abuse can seriously harm the victim’s physical, social, and mental/emotional health. Physical abuse, for example, can result in serious injury or even death. A victim’s social health suffers when he or she avoids friends and family to hide evidence of the abuse. Often, the mental/emotional trauma of spousal abuse, such as feelings of fear and shame, remains long after physical injuries have healed. Spousal abuse also harms the health of other family members. It is critical for victims of spousal abuse and their
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