often prompt treatment seeking Disadvantages Difficulty establishing standards

Often prompt treatment seeking disadvantages

This preview shows page 10 - 17 out of 37 pages.

often prompt treatment seeking Disadvantages Difficulty establishing standards for occupational or social dysfunction Value-oriented standards based on social norms
Image of page 10
WHAT IS A MENTAL DISORDER? (DSM-5) “A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinical significant disturbance in an individual’s cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning. Mental disorders are usually associated with significant distress or disability in social, occupational, or other important activities. An expectable or culturally approved response to a common stressor or loss, such as the death of a loved one, is not a mental disorder. Socially deviant behavior (e.g., political, religious, or sexual) and conflicts that are primarily between the individual and society are not mental disorders unless the deviance or conflict results from a dysfunction in the individual, as described above.”
Image of page 11
WHAT IS A MENTAL DISORDER? Represents a psychological dysfunction within an individual Syndrome associated with distress or impairment Not all deviant behaviors or conflicts with society are signs of mental disorder
Image of page 12
IMPORTANCE OF DIAGNOSIS Facilitate communication: “verbal shorthand” Promote and enable research Investigation of etiological factors Plan treatment (clinical utility)
Image of page 13
SCIENCE OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY Field of psychopathology = the scientific study of psychological disorders Clinical description Causation (etiology) Treatment and outcome
Image of page 14
SCIENCE OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY Mental health professionals The Ph.D.: Clinical and counseling psychologist The Psy.D.: Clinical and counseling “Doctor of Psychology” The Ed.D.: Clinical and counseling “Doctor of Education M.D.: Psychiatrist Psychiatric social worker Psychiatric nurse Family therapists
Image of page 15
SCIENTIST-PRACTITIONER
Image of page 16
Image of page 17

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 37 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes