United states hispanic white black asian

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United States; Hispanic, white, black, Asian Retrospective chart review Examine the associations between characteristics of hospice users and ethnicity Yes, education and income data not available Carrion 2 Convenience sample from Central FL 20 United States; Hispanic Semi-structured interview Difference between Hispanic hospice users and non-users No statistical analysis Adams et al 37 Convenience sample from TX 120 United States; Hispanic, white Structured interview Differences between Hispanic and white experiences in health care prior to hospice admission Yes Carrion 38 Convenience sample of physicians in FL 10 United States; Hispanic, white Qualitative in-depth semi-structure interview Provide factors that impact communication of diagnosis and hospice referral Yes, small sample Johnson et al 39 Large national hospice provider 1 15 854 United States; Hispanic, white, black Retrospective data review and phone survey Ethnic differences in the place of death of elder hospice patients Yes, complex phenomenon with nonmeasurable factors Kreling et al 40 Purposeful sample of cancer caregivers from large hospice in WA 30 United States; Hispanic, white Qualitative in-depth interview and focus groups To describe hospice caregiver experience and how cultural factors affected the experience Selection and information bias Lee et al 41 Family caregivers of individuals with dementia from AL, TN, FL, CA, PA; REACH II study 642 a United States; Hispanic, white, black RCT of multicomponent psychosocial intervention versus information-only control To explore in 3 racial ethnicities how the effect of intervention were moderated by caregiver characteristic, resources, and religious coping Yes, one follow-up assessment point at 6 months (continued) 91 at UNIV OF NORTHERN COLORADO on March 30, 2016 ajh.sagepub.com Downloaded from
Table 1. (continued) Topic Study Sample Size Location and ethnicities Methods Outcomes/ summary Analysis appropriate and/or weakness Caregiver Gitlin et al 42 Family caregivers of individuals with dementia from AL, TN, FL, CA, PA, MA; REACH study 1222 a United States; Hispanic, white, black RCT of multicomponent psychosocial interventions vs. information-only control Effect of intervention in caregiver burden and depression Yes, 89% retention, intention-to-treat analysis with sepa- rate numbers for each outcome Empeno et al 43 Referred informal caregivers of hospice patients from CA 284 a United States; Hispanic, white, black, Asian, Other Prospective study on before and after 2 weeks of intervention Explore impact of in-home support services on caregiver stress and respite benefit use Yes, 32% lost to follow-up in care- giver group Chung et al 44 Hospice discharge from 1997-2000 National Center for Health Sta- tistics National Home and Hospice Care Survey 3024 United States; Hispanic, white, other Large retrospective cross-sectional study Examine whether availability of informal caregiver interact with ethnicity to affect length of hospice stay Yes, inadequate sample size to preclude breakdown of ethnicity Braun et al 45

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