Neuroscience 2 evolutionary 3 behavior genetics 4

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Neuroscience 2. Evolutionary 3. Behavior genetics 4. Psychodynamic 5. Behavioral 6. Cognitive 7. Social-cultural
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1/2/18 28 Psychology’s Perspectives Neuroscience : how the body and brain enable functions like emotions, memories, and sensory experience Psychology’s Perspectives Evolutionary : how the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one’s genes Are individuals motivated to practice behaviors that maximize genetics?
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1/2/18 29 Psychology’s Perspectives Behavior genetics: how genes and environment interact to influence individual differences How are psychological traits like personality, sexual orientation, and depression accounted by our genes? How about by our environment? Psychology’s Perspectives Psychodynamic : how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts How can someone’s personality traits and disorders be explains in terms of sexual or aggressive drives OR as the disguised effects of unfulfilled wishes and childhood traumas?
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1/2/18 30 Psychology’s Perspectives Behavioral: how we learn observable responses How do we learn to fear particular objects or situations What is the most effective way to alter our behavior? E.g. eating habits or exercising Psychology’s Perspectives Cognitive: thinking-- processing, encoding, and retrieval of information How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information How do we use information to help us remember? In reasoning? In solving problems?
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1/2/18 31 Psychology’s Perspectives Social-cultural: how behavior and thinking varies between cultures and situations What do we all have in common as humans? How do we differ as a product of different environments? Behavior is a Biopsychosocial Event Bio Influences: • Genetics Psychological Influences: • learned behaviors or expectations • emotion • cognitive processing • perceptual interpretations Social-cultural Influences • presence of others • cultural, societal, and family expectations • peer/group influences • media
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1/2/18 32 Nature-Nurture How does nature (biology) and nurture (experience) contribute to behavior E.g. is depression a biological disorder of the brain or is it a disorder of thought, or both? TWINS – Great for studying nature-nurture questions Fraternal twins: different genes but same environment Identical twins: same genes Think-pair-share: Formulation of Hypothesis Take out a sheet of paper and write the following 1. Come up with a question that involves the observation of 2 behaviors E.g. sleep and eating; driving and cell phone use; running and happiness 2. Come up with a hypothesis about how the 2 behaviors relate Make sure you have words that imply quantity E.g. more and less, higher and lower, better and worse… 3. Share
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