Chinese Politics Reading Notes.docx

The binary eitheror approach to the evaluation of

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approaches often operate together to produce a lot of academic nonsense. The binary “either/or” approach to the evaluation of propositions character of the West has been lamented by many Western thinkers, but the problems are easier to see from the standpoint of the “both/and” approach of the East. There is a bit of evidence that Westerners may be more susceptible to this “single- motive fallacy” han other people. The Fundamental Attribution Error , One of social psychology’s most important and best demonstrated phenomena is a fundamental attribution error-the tendency to assume that the behavior of another person has been produced by personality traits or abilities and to slight important situational factors. East Asians are less susceptible to the error than Americans in some cases and the error is more readily corrected for them when the situation is highlighted in some way. If you want to get people to behave as you believe they ought, an easier route is to encourage them to seek out situation that will bring out the best behavior in them and to shun those that will encourage bad behavior. Turnabout is fair play and also possible to use Western principles as a platform to criticize Eastern thought The heuristic “there’s truth on both sides” may very well be a good one to use as a first approach to understanding any apparent contradiction. Easterners are more willing to grant credence to each of two propositions that bear a contradictory relationship to each other than Americans are, and that they can be led into the serious error of believing a given proposition more when they see it contradicted by a more plausible proposition than when they merely see it by itself. Western debate styles and the mental habits it encourages are important for keeping societies open and open minded. Americans- causal thinking is the basis of educational measurement Asian and Asian American students do not benefit from speaking in class because their fundamental way of understanding the material is not verbal There is certainly a long tradition in the East of equating silence rather than speech with knowledge. Two advantages of Asian cognition stand out: (1) the fact that Asians see more of a given scene or context than Westerners do; and (2) the holistic, dialectic, Middle Way approach to problems. People can be taught to attend to a broader range of different stimuli and respond to them more quickly and accurately with only modest amounts of training Hua, Chinese Political Culture In the chinese context, the transformation of culture, or political culture, is often
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considered to be the key to the transformation of society. While the narrower definition of political culture largely refers to public opinion, the broader definition refers to various dimensions of political consciousness.
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