ideas 4 Seen as southern barbarians 5 Different from China a Different language

Ideas 4 seen as southern barbarians 5 different from

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c. ideas4. Seen as “southern barbarians”5. Different from Chinaa. Different languageb. Village autonomyc. favored nuclear family over extended familyd. never developed clan networkse. women have greater freedom/influence
f. women wear long skirts/not long pantsg. delighted in cockfightingh. chewed betel nuti. blackened teethB. Conquest and Sinification1. 111 BCE Han dynasty conquers Vietnam – elite realized they could benefita. attended Chinese schoolsb. took exams for administrationc. cropping techniques and irrigationd. military organization gave them an edge over neighborse. extended family model to extended family – venerated ancestors2. Roots of Resistancea. Elites like, but peasants annoyedb. Chinese didn’t like local customs – disgusted/looked downc. Peasants rallied when lords wanted to fight1. Trung sisters led 39 CE revolta. Women had a lot to lose with Confucian ideas3. Winning Independence and Continuing Chinese Influencea. Can’t control1. Greater distance2. Mountain barriers3. Small number of Chinese actually moved to Vietnam4. Vietnamese took advantage of political turmoil in China5. By 939 won independenceb. Future leaders borrowed from Chinese ideas1. Chinese palaces2. Administrationc. But…scholar gentry never arises1. local officials identify with peasantry2. competition from well-educated Buddhist monksC. The Vietnamese Drive to the South1. Able to defeat Khmer/Cham neighbors – superior military forces/weaponsD. Expansion and Division1. North vs. South – South seen as less energetic, slower2. Nguyen in South, Trinh in North – civil wars3. Unable to unite against foreign threat – eventually FrenchVI. Global ConnectionsA. Chinese organization suited to sedentary cultivation1. Borrowing from China led to ignoring of outside worldB. Writing, bureaucracy, religious teachings, art spread to Asia1. Korea, direct rule brief, but influence great2. Japan – emulated China for awhile, aristocratic class took overC. Imports monopolized by wealthy elites

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