100%(3)3 out of 3 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 3 - 6 out of 10 pages.
•When the sun rose, Magellan, including his crew of 49 (11 remained on theship) witnessed how the natives were highly organized at warfare. The nativesshot only at their legs, for the latter were bare; and so many were the spearsand stones that they hurled at us, that we could offer no resistance. •Native continued to retire from the shore always fighting up the knees in thewater. One of them wounded him on the left leg with a large cutlass, whichresembles a scimitar, only being larger. That caused the Ferdinand Magellan tofall face downward, when immediately they rushed upon him with iron andbamboo spears and with their cutlasses, until they killed it. The survivors fled with only men left to crew two ships, they burned the Concepcion and continued theirsearch for the Spice Islands. They landed on the Muslim court of Borneo in modern Brunei. At long last, withthe help of local guides and more than two years of endless sailing and numbered fights and mutiny, theyalready set their feet on Spice Islands or Maluku Islands, today, a part of Indonesia. They traded everything outfor the cloves their two ships could carry. Returning to their home, the Trinidad ship sprang a leak and had to stay for repairs. The fleet later triedto return to land of Spain across the vast Pacific Ocean, but most of the men became sick or died. Thesurvivors had to return to the island of Maluku where some of the men and the Trinidad were captured by thePortuguese. The last remaining and smallest ship Victoria sailed west again for home, captained by JuanSebastian Elcano. Now they faced the Indian Ocean which took them more than two months of battling hugewaves and strong headwinds before they passed around the Cape of Good Hope. Twenty-one men died beforethe landed on the provision of Cape Verde. On 8thSeptember of 1522, almost three years after their departure,the exhausted survivors of Victoria ship landed their feet once again to the Spain. Only 18 from the original 270
crew returned home. Magellan and his men expedition had achieved were remarkable. The first voyage ofcircum-navigation around the world.
HISTORICAL CRITICISM Background of the Author Antonio Pigaffeta (c. 1491 – c. 1531) •Also known as Antonio Lombardo or Francisco Antonio Pigaffeta •Former Italian traveler •Scholar of Republic of Venice •Traveled with Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan •Served as Megellan’s assistant and kept an accurate journal ofevents they encountered •One of the 18 wounded individual who returned to Spain afterthe incident at Mactan, Cebu – where Magellan was killed. Bias of the ManuscriptThe manuscript was biased to Ferdinand Megllan because AntonioPigaffeta – the author of the journal, served as right hand of Magellan duringthe voyage. Pigafetta was the diarist of the expedition of the PortugueseFerdinand Magellan (who at that time served the Spanish crown, thenarrative it is mostly based upon is from his writings.