Thus the programme seemed to have been donor driven

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Thus, the programme seemed to have been donor driven. In fact, all programmes and projects ended when donor support dried up and without preparing the stakeholders, especially government departments, to prepare for the eventual exit. Participation in the implementation seems from the evaluation report to have been driven by the ILO/IPEC Country Office. This view is supported by key individuals interviewed as illustrated by the following statement of an official from the ILO/IPEC Office in Nairobi: “ILO-IPEC is implementing two projects now, namely, the SNAP and TACLE projects. The SNAP project is on child labour free zones, which is aimed to establish models to fight child labour.” 5 In Kenya, a National Steering Committee on Child Labour was created in 1994 as a policy body which was multi-sectoral and composed of key government ministries and selected NGOs, which had been involved in child labour. The committee was coordinated by the Ministry of Labour. This committee was created following lobbying by CSOs involved in child labour advocacy, but failed to function and remained dormant up to 2010 according to all the external evaluation reports from 2001 until 2009 undertaken by ILO/IPEC. All the key informants interviewed supported this observation and attributed this unfortunate state of affairs to several reasons, ranging from staff constraints at the Division of Child Labour in the Ministry of Labour to lack of resources. Members of the National Steering Committees as well as those of the Inter-ministerial one expected to be paid sitting allowances as is the tradition with government officers, although this matter was never discussed between the ILO and the Ministry of Labour. 3.3 ANPPCAN’s Child Labour Programme 3.3.1 The Target Districts ANPPCAN’s child labour activities started in 1993 in four districts in Kenya and by 2009 the organization had worked in 13 districts in the country. The initial activities targeted four districts, 5 Interview with ILO/IPEC official in Nairobi.
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CMI REPORT THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 8 which the WHO-supported study had identified as having many children working in agriculture, mainly coffee represented by Kiambu and Muranga; Siaya district was targeted because the district supplied many children in domestic labour, while South Nyanza district at that time was sending many children to work in sisal farms at the Coast, especially in Kipingo and Taita Taveta. These were huge districts which since then have been sub-divided into smaller districts and lately into counties. Later, ANPPCAN expanded its child labour work to other districts: Makuyu, (coffee), Butere-Mumias (sugar cane), Kericho (tea), Bondo (domestic work, fishing and herding), Homa Bay (fishing and quarry), Suba (fishing and domestic work), Taita Taveta (sisal), Malindi (domestic, sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), and Migori (tobacco farms).
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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