What is a Literature Review?
Literature Review as Product A literature review is a summary of what is currently known about some issue or field on the basis of research evidence , and/or of what lines of argument there are in relation to that issue or field. (Hammersley 2005, 577) 10
Excerpt from introduction citing relevant past research 12
Literature Review as Process (Ridley 2012, 99)
Conducting Research Literature Reviews 1.Select a research question2.Select databases & other sources to search3.Choose search terms 4.Apply practical screening criteria5.Apply methodological screening criteria6.Do the review7.Synthesize the resultsEconLit; ??? (Fink 2005, 4) 14 Your Research Topic By Language; By Publication Type
Synthesizing Your Sources What is synthesis? “To combine independent elements and form a cohesive whole”. As you write your literature review, you need to integrate your sources in order to: Identify patterns across the literature Discuss strengths and weaknesses Compare and contrast methods and approaches Evaluate and interpret what is known and what is missing 15 Source:
Create a Literature Review / Synthesis Matrix This will help you keep track of the theories, hypotheses and findings. 16 Source:
Searching the Economics Literature
Select a Database Library Home Page ->Research >Databases - >By Subject -> Economics Econlit Note: depending on your topic, other Subjects may be relevant Try SuperSearch for interdisciplinary topics Consult the Economics Research Guide for more suggestions 18
Construct a Search Strategy Describe your topic in keywords - think about synonyms If using EconLit: Is there a relevant Subject Descriptor or JEL Classification Code?
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- Fall '19