Dislocation the displacement of a bone from its

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • SUddin2
  • 10

This preview shows page 8 - 10 out of 10 pages.

Dislocation – The displacement of a bone from its normal joint alignment, out of its socket, or out of its normal position.Femur – The thigh bone; the longest and one of the strongest bones inthe body.Fibula – The smaller of the two bones of the lower leg.Fracture – A break or crack in the bone.Humerus – The supporting bone of the upper arm.othe shaft of the humerus can be felt throughout its entire length along the inner side of the upper arm. 8
Background image
CPR STUDY GUIDE, EXAM 3 (CHAPTERS 11 – 16) Tennis Elbow – results from sharp, quick twists of the wrist. An inflammation of the tendons on this outer side of the elbow. The muscles that bend the wrist back and straighten the fingers all begin inone spot, no bigger than a dime, on the outside bony prominence (protrusion) of the elbow. Golfer’s Elbow – equivalent of the more common Tennis Elbow, but with pain on the inside of the elbow. It is tendinitis affecting the tendons attached to the bony protrusion on the inside of the elbow. Patella – The knee cap; a specialized bone that lies within the tendon of the quadriceps muscle.Radius – The bone on the thumb side of the forearm.Scapula – The shoulder blade.Sprain – A trauma to the joint that injures the ligaments.Strain – An injury to a muscle caused by a violent contraction or an excessive, forcible stretching.Tendinitis – Inflammation of a tendon caused by overuse.oInjuries usually seen in athletes engaged in the throwing sports (e.g. baseball pitcher, football quarterback) and other sports in which the shoulder is used extensively (e.g. swimming)Tibia – The shin bone; the larger of the two bones of the lower leg.Ulna – The inner bone of the forearm, on the side opposite the thumb.CHAPTER 16Rule of Thirds – A system that divides each long bone into thirds to determine which section(s) of an injured bone should be splinted.What is major cause of tissue damage at a fracture site? Movement by the end of the broken bone.Seek medical care for the following injuries or situations:oAny open fractureoAny dislocation (injury that causes joint deformity)oAny joint injury with moderate to severe swellingoAny injury in which there is deformity, tenderness, or swelling over the boneoIf the person is unable to walk or bear weight after a lower extremity injuryoIf a snap, crackle, or pop was heard at the time of the injuryoIf the injured area, especially a joint, becomes hot, tender, swollen, or painfuloIf you are unsure whether a bone was brokenoIf the injury doesn’t improve rapidly especially over the first few days9
Background image
CPR STUDY GUIDE, EXAM 3 (CHAPTERS 11 – 16) Sling – A triangular bandage applied around the neck to support an injured upper extremity; any material long enough to suspend an upper extremity by passing the material around the neck; used to support and protect an injury of the arm, shoulder, or clavicle.Splint – Any support used to stabilize a fracture or to restrict movement of a part.Stabilize – To minimize further injury by holding a body part to prevent movement.Swathe – A cravat tied around the body to decrease movement of a part. 10
Background image

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 10 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • Flail Chest, swelling, rib fracture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture