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Have the capacity for normal intelligence and some may be intellectually giftedMay experience developmental delays.Will have different background experiences, communication histories, and access to information. May be accompanied by disabilities that impact the child’s cognitive abilities. (Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-4a)Reading levels are substantially lower that those of their hearing peers. Early Intervention with the use of a communication system is essential. Reading is taught visually or by a manual method (such as American Sign Language or finger spelling).Early vocabulary, letter-sound knowledge, and speech-reading.Visual PhonicsWhole-word method(Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-4b)Sophisticated technological aids such as the Internet that provide access to information and social contacts. Skilled and caring professionals who work with the child and family
2017”)Infants will use babbling-like hand movements that are sign equivalents of speech sounds. (Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-4b)Hearing loss can contribute to communication problems which can contribute to social,emotional, and behavioral difficulties. (Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-4d)Physical problems associated with the earsPoor articulation of sounds when speakingExtremely high volume when listening to audio materialsCocking or turning the head tohear better.Often requesting that audio information be repeated.Unresponsive or inattentive to normal voiceReluctant to participate in oral activities.(Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-6b)PATHS(Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-4d)A multidisciplinary team (audiologist, speech-language pathologist, sign language interpreters, parents, and other professionals as needed). In a general classroom setting, the students are included in daily activities and are periodically checked on to ensure they understand key informationStop and think time strategy used in the classroomSmall group reviews in the classroomSmall group sessions with school counselorInstruction on the use of hearing aids or cochlear implants.Summer programs that focus on the use of ASL for communicationWeekend programs for social gatherings and parent/family support networkingResidential schools for the deaf(Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-6a)Alerting devicesAlarm systemsHearing AidsCochlear ImplantsVisual voice toolsSpeech-to-print systemsTelecommunicationsMedia access(Kirk et al., 2015, pp 11-6c)Intellectual Disability “A disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior, which covers many everyday social and adaptive skills. (Kirk et al., 2015, pp 4-2)A child’s inability to adapt academically or socially to the expected standards of their age group(Kirk et al., 2015, pp 4-5)Students who are identified as having an intellectual disability must each some or all of the following characteristics: A.Communication difficulties that affect self-determination, Individuals ability to use memory, associate concepts, and problem-solving are limited.