Spoils system 4 chester arthur a chester arthur didnt

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spoils system. 4. Chester Arthur a. Chester Arthur didn’t seem to be a good fit for the presidency, but he surprised many by giving the cold shoulder to Stalwarts, his chief supporters, and by calling for reform, a call heeded by the Republican Party as it began to show newly found enthusiasm for reform. b. The Pendleton Act of 1883, the so-called Magna Charta of civil-service reform (awarding of government jobs based on ability, not just because a buddy awarded the job), prohibited financial assessments on jobholders, including lowly scrubwomen, and established a merit system of making appointments to office on the basis of aptitude rather than “pull.” i. It also set up a Civil Service Commission , charged with administering open competitive service, and offices not “classified” by the president remained the fought-over footballs of politics. ii. Luckily, Arthur cooperated, and by 1884, he had classified nearly 10% of all federal offices, or nearly 14,000 of them. c. The Pendleton Act partially divided politics from patronage, but it drove politicians into “marriages of convenience” with business leaders. d. Basically, since the politicians could not depend on the spoils system for support, they began to look to large business corporations. e. In the end, his own party hated him because he went against what they wanted and he died of a cerebral hemorrhage. The Blaine-Cleveland Mudslingers of 1884 1. James G. Blaine became the Republican candidate- dishonest man, but some Republican reformers, unable to stomach this, switched to the Democratic Party and were called Mugwumps . They highlighted letters that Blaine sent to a Boston businessman about a corrupt deal involving federal favors to a southern railroad. 2. The Democrats chose Grover Cleveland as their candidate but received a shock when it was revealed that he might have been the father of an illegitimate child. a. He refused to lie about it. Bloody shirt no longer applied because neither candidate was part of the Civil War. b. The campaign of 1884 was filled with perhaps the lowest mudslinging in history. c. The contest depended on how New York chose, but unfortunately, one foolish Republican insulted the race, faith, and patriotism of New York’s heavy Irish population, and as a result, New York voted for Cleveland; that was the difference. “Old Grover” Takes Over 1. Portly Grover Cleveland was the first Democratic president since James Buchanan, and as a supporter of laissez-faire capitalism, he delighted business owners and bankers. Vetoed a bill to provide seeds for drought-ravaged Texas farmers. He was orthodox.
2. He said “Although the people support the government, the government should not support the people” 3. Cleveland named two former Confederates to his cabinet, a. He was torn between reform demands from the Mugwumps- had elected him and the job demands of Democrats- his party i. At first tried to adhere to the merit system (but eventually gave in to his party and fired almost 2/3 of the 120,000 federal employees), but he had his problems. b.

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