Everyone has a need for belonging love and affec tion which is referred to as

Everyone has a need for belonging love and affec tion

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vironment and are currently being met. Everyone has a need for belonging, love and affec- tion which is referred to as social needs. Relationships such as friendships, romantic attach- ments and families help fulfill this need for companionship and acceptance, as do involve- ment in social, community or religious groups. The last set of needs is the Self-actualizing Needs. This is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Self-actualizing people are self-aware, concerned with per- sonal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others and interested fulfilling their po- tential. According to Maslow, nobody has ever reached the peak of his pyramid. We all may strive for it and some may even get close, but no one has achieved full self-actualiza- tion. Self-actualization means having a complete understanding of oneself, a sense of com- pleteness, of being the best person you could possibly be. To have achieved this goal is to stop living, for what is there to strive for if you have learned everything about yourself, if you have experienced all that you can, and if there is no way left for you to grow emotion- ally, intellectually, or spiritually (Luttrel, 2009). Another major thinker in Humanistic Psychology is Carl Rogers. who maintains that the human "organism" has an underlying "actualizing tendency", which aims to develop all capacities in ways that maintain or enhance the organism and move it toward autonomy. This tendency is directional, constructive and present in all living things. The actualizing tendency can be suppressed but can never be destroyed without the destruction of the or- ganism. At all times people were interested in the unknown mysterious things that were hid- den from view, however, the existence of which was not in doubt. Since ancient time hu- man being tried to understand a nature of mental images, consciousness, mindset, feelings and emotions, as well as their mechanisms, etc. And the psychology seeks to answer all these and many other issues. The path of psychology’s development differs from the devel- opments of other sciences. After all, the objects of physics study, for example, somehow, are visible and tangible. Psychology, on the contrary studies invisible and even intangible substances. Prerequisites for the emergence of psychological doctrine have existed from ancient SELF-REFLECTION PSY 428 5
times. Even the ancient Greek philosophers have built that solid foundation, on which psy- chology arose. As Hermann Ebbinghaus has pointed out: "Psychology has a long past but a short history"(Landrum, 2016). At the turn of the twenty first century, in connection with the increasing demand for application of psychological knowledge in different practical ac- tivities, the value of psychology has significantly increased. This demand has led to the emergence of a large number of psychological schools and theories, which sometimes com- plemented each other, but often contradicted each other. Consequently, different psycholog- ical branches have arisen. Gestalt psychology occupies the essential role among this diver- sity.

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