Exceeding ones level of professional competence o

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Exceeding one’s level of professional competence o Negligent practice - malpractice o Claiming expertise one does not possess o Imposing one’s values on a client o Creating dependency in a client o Sexual activity with a client o Dual relationships o Questionable financial arrangements (i.e., charging excessive fees) o Improper advertising Types of questions used in counseling (ch 6) o Closed Requires a specific and limited response such as yes or no. Good deal of info in a short amount of time. o Accent Highlighting the last few words of the client Ex: the situation is driving me crazy! Driving you crazy? o Probes A question that usually begins with who, what, where, or how. Requires more than one or two word response. o Open-ended Typically begins with how, what, and could and allows client more latitude to respond. o Request for clarification A response the counselor uses to be sure he or she understands what the client is saying. Types of empathy (ch 6) o Empathy : Enter the client’s world. Experience the client’s world they are describing. Primary Empathy: When the therapist responds in such as way that they communicate to the client that they are “hearing” them. Advanced Empathy: Process of helping a client explore themes, issues, and emotions new to his or her awareness Performed in follow-up sessions Understand the various rigid/automatic cognitions that clients can accept as fact (ch 7) o Rigid automatic cognitions accepted as fact
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Examples: Arbitrary inferences – making conclusions without supporting and relevant information – catastrophizing Selective abstraction – forming conclusions based on an isolated event while ignoring other information. Significance of context is missed Overgeneralization – process of holding extreme beliefs on the basis of single events and applying them to other situations. Personalization – tendency to relate external events to themselves, even when there is no basis for making this connection Polarized thinking – thinking in all-or-nothing or either-or extremes.
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