The Chinese had long known footwear that had the same effect, with wooden pillars under the arch of each shoe so that wearers required one or even two servants to help them totter along. Women had their feet deformed, by binding them into tiny, almost useless fists, which were shod in embroidered bootees. (Visser 1994:38) ANS: A Scenario 3 “Women in professional jobs have workplace issues like the glass ceiling and the mommy track. But now there is one for secretaries: rug-ranking. ‘If the secretary’s pay is based on her 426 All information provided for reference only aJoin us on Facebook.com/thetopgrades
boss’ status, not on the content of her job, that’s rug-ranking—treating her as a perk like the size of his office or the quality of the carpet on his floor,’ said N. Elizabeth Fried, a labor consultant based in Dublin, Ohio. ‘Secretaries are the only ones in the corporate world whose pay is directly linked to the boss. Instead of a career path of their own, most secretaries have had a hitch-your-wagon-to-a-star reward system” (Lewin 1994:A1). ANS: D 427 All information provided for reference only aJoin us on Facebook.com/thetopgrades
Scenario 4 “Family work was structured around gender and age…Women were responsible for the farmyard economy of milking, rearing of young animals, poultry, butter making, and frequently the cultivation of vegetables as well…Animal husbandry, the buying and selling of animals, and most fieldwork (e.g., plowing, burrowing) and structural yard work (e.g., building, repairing) requiring heavy effort was undertaken by the male ‘farmer’” (O’Hara 2001). ANS: C Scenario 5 “[There] are rare cases in which babies are born whose sexual gender is ambiguous or indeterminate…Sexually ambiguous infants, who either appear to be female but are biologically male or appear to be male but are biologically female are sometimes called pseudohermaphrodites” (Scarboro 1991:339). ANS: E Short Answer Questions 49. Why is American Samoa the focus of a chapter on gender? ANS: Will vary 50. Distinguish between primary and secondary sex characteristics. Is sex something that is clear-cut? Why or why not? ANS: Will vary 51. Define gender. In what ways does the concept of gender help to clarify the meaning of 428 All information provided for reference only aJoin us on Facebook.com/thetopgrades
masculinity and femininity? ANS: Will vary 52. How do gender ideals shape behavior and thinking? ANS: Will vary 53. What is sexuality? How is it related to sexual orientation? ANS: Will vary 54. Distinguish between gender identity and sexual scripts. ANS: Will vary 55. What is gender polarization? Give an example. ANS: Will vary 56. Define gender-schematic and gender polarization. How are they connected? Explain how gender-schematic decisions and sexual desire affect educational choices and sexual desire.
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- Fall '08