Lives in the nerve cells. Outbreaks can be triggered by stress, infection, oral trauma, sunlight, wind, chapped lips, literally anythingGenital infection among college students might be more commonly caused by HSV-1HSV-2 Genital Herpes Very common oAt least 1 in 5 sexually active people have it. Many DO NOT know No cure Spread through skin to skin contact and sexual activity Can be spread even if no symptoms present oViral shedding Lives in nerve cells. Outbreaks can be triggered by stress, infection, genital trauma, etc. Herpes Symptoms: Outbreaks Symptoms are similar in types 1 and 2 Irritation at site of outbreak Red bumps that turn into blisters Blisters break open and leak fluid Blisters scab over and do not leave scars Outbreak frequency is different for everyone Anti-viral medication can be taken regularly to decrease the frequency and intensity of outbreaks (suppressive treatment)oOr it can be taken as needed when an outbreak occurs Neonatal herpes HSV is VERY dangerous for a newborn (even deadly)Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
The most common STI in the U.S.o79 million Americans currently infected oMore than 14 million NEW cases each year oMany do not know they are infected There are more than 40 types that can infect the genital area Can cause cervical, penile, and anal cancer (16&18) Linked to head, neck, and throat cancer Some strains cause genital warts Females can be tested during pap smear exam No test for males HIVHuman immunodeficiency virus Destroys the immune system Spread the sex (vaginal, oral, and anal), injecting drug use, mother to baby, needlestick injuries Body fluids that can spread it: blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk No cure, but many medications may slow progression (early diagnosis and treatment is essential to health)oAntiretrovirals (ARVs)oAntiretrovirals therapy (ART)HIV Symptoms Majority have no symptoms It can take 2 weeks to 6 months to show up in a test. Symptoms can take weeks to showup in a test. Symptoms can take weeks to occur.
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Oral sex, Sexually transmitted diseases and infections