G moving the humerus laterally for fingers a line

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of the body (e.g., moving the humerus laterally); for fingers a line drawn through the middle finger is used, and for toes a line drawn through the second toe is used, as the line of reference; - lateral flexion is a movement in which the trunk (i.e., spine) bends to the left or right away from the body’s midline d. adduction is movement of a bone toward the midline of the body (e.g., returning the humerus to the anatomical position after previous abduction); for fingers and toes, the lines of reference described above are used iii. rotation is movement of a bone around its own longitudinal axis; there are two types: a. medial rotation b. lateral rotation iv. circumduction is a movement in which the distal end of a bone moves in a circle while the proximal end remains stable (e.g., winding up to pitch a ball); it is typically a combination of the four angular movements 5. Special movements may occur at some particular joints: i. elevation and depression are, respectively, an upward movement of a part of the body (e.g., elevating the mandible to close the mouth), and a downward movement of a part of the body (e.g., depressing the mandible to open the mouth) ii. protraction and retraction are movements of the mandible or This study resource was shared via CourseHero.com
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shoulder girdle forward or backward, respectively, on a plane parallel to the ground iii. inversion and eversion are movements of the sole of the foot
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