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Locke assumed that people could not come up with new

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Locke assumed that people could not come up with new ideas out of nothing—each human could only understand things which he or she had experienced. Locke also believed that all humans come into the world as good, independent, and equal. Both of the two men’s philosophies included religion. Hobbes and Locke both acknowledged the existence of God. Beyond this, both agreed that God played only a small part in the foundation of their philosophies. Hobbes was clear that honest and intelligent people can disagree (though he often doubted the honesty or intelligence of those who disagreed with him), even in cases of morality. Where private judgments are in conflict and common action is necessary, disruption will occur. He makes the point firmly in, for example, chapter five of Leviathan . The only way of avoiding disruption, he believes, is to have a sovereign, a man or body of men, whose judgment is binding on In what sense does Locke think we are “naturally equal”? --We all possess the same natural rights and liberties --No one has power or jurisdiction over another Does Locke think that morality exists in the state of nature? Yes or No? --Yes, virtually everyone can recognize the “law of nature,” which entails a right to self- preservation , as well as the duty to promote the well-being of
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those who disagree. mankind. The SON is pre-legal, but not pre-moral. First, everyone has the ability to kill. Second, everyone is equally prone to believe that they are more wise than everyone else. This leads to competition, mistrust, and a desire for glory, which in turn makes people’s natural condition a state of war. True or False: Locke thinks that the state of nature is for the most part a violent place. --False. Since we are mostly rational , we see and heed the law of nature, and for the most part get along. There will be some transgressors of the moral law, but they’re the exception. By giving up their natural right to anything and everything, people create a sovereign who commands precisely that right: an absolute sovereign. Creating this sort of sovereign is the most effective way to ward off the state of nature because an absolute sovereign overawes those who might be tempted to reclaim their natural right. True or False: According to Locke, money only comes to exist once government has been created. --False. The introduction of money, PLUS our natural, irrational appetites for more than we need, lead to massive economic and social inequality, which is the CAUSE of the formation of government. Tool/Symbo l War in S.O.N? Freedom? Equality? Property? Morality ? Rationality ? Family? Hobbes Hatchet Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No Locke Hoe No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
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Locke assumed that people could not come up with new ideas...

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