What age group is most often dx? Middle-aged adults What can it result in if not treated? Serious illness or premature death What is it called if it occurs in children? Gigantism What s/s are seen: enlarged hands and feet, swelling in hands and feet, facial changes, What are some problems that can occur because of acromegaly? Type 2 dm, htn, sleep apnea, What are some test that can be used to determine a dx. Of acromegaly? Suppression test (if What is the most common first treatment options? Transsphenoidal surgery to remove tumor What are possible complications of this surgery? Damage to surrounding tissue requiring
What other tx. Options might be considered if surgery is not an option? Bromocriptine mesylate What is this lack of gh usually caused by? Damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus or What dx. Can be performed? CT, MRI, trial dose to see a response to medication used to tx. Hghd What is the tx.? Somatropin (given SQ or IM, look for immune reaction)What s/s are seen in children? Face may appear younger, delayed or not going through puberty, What are s/s seen in adults? Anxiety, depression, baldness (men), decreased sexual function and What the hormones produced by the thyroid and why is iodine important? Iodine is necessary
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- Spring '14