America’s fear of Russia’s plan to control the world. The Cold War arose due to a revolution in Russia,
when the majority socialist party the Bolshevik’s overthrew the Czar, leading to the establishment of a
communist government and creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. The Soviet Union wanted
to spread communism around the world.
The United States opposed the spread of communism into Europe, leading to the U.S. to challenge the
Berlin Blockade by developing the Berlin Airlift. The Russians wanted Berlin all for themselves, so they
closed all highways, railroads and canals from western-occupied Germany into western-occupied Berlin.
This, they believed, would make it impossible for the people who lived there to get food or any other
supplies. The Soviet Union wanted to force the U.S. out of West Berlin, but the United States was
determined to prevent that from happening and the U.S. prevailed when the blockade was eventually
lifted. Leading the United States and its European allies to form NATO in an effort to unify as a military
command to resist the Soviet presence in Europe.
The Cuban Missile Crisis brought the two superpowers to the brink of war, when the U.S. discovered that
Soviet Primer Nikita Khrushchev was seizing the opportunity to strengthen the Soviets relationship with
Cuba and Fidel Castro, by building missile sites in Cuba. The U.S. demanded that the missiles be removed
and the missiles sites be should be dismantled. The Cuban Missile Crisis, ended peacefully when we
agreed not to invade Cuba, the Soviets agreed to remove the missiles in Cuba as well as dismantle the
missile sites, and we agreed to remove our missiles in Turkey. The Cold War shaped American foreign
policy political ideology, impacted the domestic economy and the presidency, and affected the personal
lives of Americans.