12 data for need corruption and institutional trust

This preview shows page 12 - 15 out of 23 pages.

12 data (for need corruption and institutional trust) and data from the World Business Environment survey (for greed corruption). The graphs show the effects of need and greed corruption respec- tively on institutional trust. 8 Figure 1 reconfirms the established finding in the literature and show a negative re- lationship between corruption and institutional trust (Andersson and Tverdova 2003). The more need corruption in a country, the lower the trust in the justice system. Figure 2 is more puzzling however. The unobtrusiveness of greed corruption leads me to expect that greed corruption would coexist with high institutional trust. Figure 2 shows that greed corruption may even be positively associated with high trust in institutions. Although plausible explanations for this inverse relation- ship may be difficult to find, the figure clearly shows that the relationship between greed corruption and institutional trust may be fundamentally different than the often confirmed negative relation- ship between corruption and institutional trust. 8 A complete variable description is included in Appendix 1. The justice system is used as a proxy for institutional trust as it is a fairly neutral institution (Campbell 2004; Rothstein and Stolle 2008). Although the justice system may not be involved in the type of corruption exposed, it is often seen as responsible for dealing with corruption
Image of page 12

Subscribe to view the full document.

13 FIGURE 1, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NEED CORRUPTION AND INSTITUTIONAL TRUST Comment: Need corruption is measured as the percentage of a country’s population who answered "Yes" to the question: "In the past 12 months, have you or anyone living in your household paid a bribe in any form?" (Original source: Transparency Interna- tional Global Corruption Barometer 2005). Trust in the justice system is measured as country averages of the answers to the question:” I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them: is it a great deal of confidence, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all?” (World Value Survey 2005- 2008). All data accessed through Teorell, Jan, Marcus Samanni, Sören Holmberg and Bo Rothstein. 2011. The Quality of Government Dataset, version 6Apr11. University of Gothenburg: The Quality of Government Institute, .
Image of page 13
14 FIGURE 2, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GREED CORRUPTION AND TRUST IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM Comment: variables are coded so that higher values mean higher need, higher greed and higher trust. Greed corruption is meas- ured by the average response to the question "It is common for firms in my line of business to have to pay some irregular 'addi- tional payments' to get things done". Coded here as 1=never and 6=always (Original source: World Business Environment Survey 2000). Trust in the justice system is measured as country averages of the answers to the question:” I am going to name a number of organizations. For each one, could you tell me how much confidence you have in them: is it a great deal of confidence, quite a lot of confidence, not very much confidence or none at all?” (World Value Survey 2005-2008). All data accessed through
Image of page 14

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 15
  • Spring '12
  • Ahmed
  • Sweden, Political corruption, Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index, Institutional Trust

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern