Hep b can be transmitted from mother to child

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- HEP B can be transmitted from mother to child (perinatal) - HEP B will go undetected early in the disease. It attacks the liver and over time can cause liver damage, cirrhosis and liver cancer. - HEP A and B can be prevented through vaccinations. Important to get vaccine levels tested every 10-15 years. - Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. HIV/AIDS - The human immunodeficiency virus is typically transmitted through sexual contact and can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) - Can also be transmitted from mother to child through birth. - Testing pregnant women and making sure they are on treatment means that they will not transmit the virus. - In 2011, 71,300 people in Canada were living with HIV/AIDS. 7300 cases were diagnosed in adults, adolescents and children between 2008 and 2011. - Males are disproportionally affected with nearly 3/4s of new diagnoses. Of these 46.7% were gay men (MSM) - In 2008, aboriginal people in Canada experienced HIV rates 3.6 times higher than other Canadians. Represent 8% of people with HIV. - 36.7 million people worldwide are still living with HIV. HIV in Canada - high prevalence among aboriginals - the term black people is used for the purposed of HIV surveillance to provide information about the potential vulnerability and program responses. - 2.5% of Canadas population is black with. 7.9% of new immigrants coming from HIV endemic countries. (infection rates 12.6 times higher)
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HIV/AIDS among gay men - MSM accounted for over 80% of all cases earlier but now account for on 48.6% of positive. - MSM are often higher risk because the tissue that lines that anus often has micro-tears during sex allowing the virus to enter the bloodstream. - A drug named Truvada was approved for health Canada in 2016 to prevent HIV. - Truvada and PrEP (pre-exposure prophylasix) has been shown to more than 90% effective in preventing HIV transmission. Parasite Infections - Crab lice and scabies. - The crab louse is a small insect that is usually found in pubic hair or other coarse hair. - Usually transmitted through sexual contact but towels and clothes can also pass the infection along. - Most people attribute the decrease in pubic lice to shaving pubic hair. - Scabies is a skin infestation of mites. Though not necessarily transmitted through intercourse is spread through extended skin contact. - People will usually experience severe itching and bumpy rashes. - Likelihood of scabies is increased in crowded living conditions suchas nursing homes. Canada Youth, Sexual health and HIV/AIDS Study ( CYSHHAS ) : This study was coordinated by the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada, and funded by Health Canada under the Canadian Strategy on HIV/AIDS. It was published in 2003 and provides a contemporary picture of the sexual behavior of adolescents. Specifically, the study was undertaken to increase our understanding of the factors that contribute to the sexual health of Canadian youth. Sexual Health in Canada: Distributed by the Canadian Federation for Sexual Health, this publication is the first comprehensive, national portrait of Canadians’ sexual and reproductive health. Sexual Health in Canada is intended to increase public and professional understanding of this critical component of Canadian well-being. The report identifies both positive and negative trends in Canadians’ sexual and reproductive health. It also underscores the existence of critical gaps in research, public awareness and access to services.
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