30 the results are displayed in table 3 this was

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30 The results are displayed in Table 3. This was repeated for mean number of years of federal judicial experience for both the population and sample. By this measure, the sample is roughly representative of the entire population. Although it was assumed that justices nominated after 1930 would have more years of total judicial experience, this was not found to be the case. Interestingly, justices nominated prior to 1930 had more total years of experience, in both the population and the sample. In fact, pre-1930 justices were significantly less likely than post-1930 30 Table 2, found in Henry J. Abraham‘s Justices, Presidents, and Senators (42) listed years of judicial experience for all justices, and was used to find the mean years of judicial experience. Table 3 Years of Judicial Experience (mean years) Total Judicial Experience Federal Judicial Experience Population n=110 Sample n=50 Population n=110 Sample n=50 Pre-1930 6.1 6.2 2.0 0.8 Post-1930 4.7 3.8 3.3 3.2
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57 justices, to have any judicial experience. If they did have experience, however, they had many more years of experience. Therefore, although the results show that pre-1930 justices had a greater mean number of years of experience, they were still less likely to have any judicial experience. On the other hand, justices nominated after 1930 had more federal 31 judicial experience. Pre-1930 Well-known Justices Of the four groups of justices, this group spanned the great length of time 1789 to 1922, 133 years and contained the most justices 29 total. 32 Predictably, because of that range, articles about the first justice (James Wilson) barely resemble that of that last justice (George Sutherland); however, taken chronologically, several trends and unifying characteristics are apparent. The first five justices in this group participated, in one form or another, in the ratification of the Constitution. Surprisingly, though, only one of these five fought in the Revolutionary War. Even more surprisingly, that justice was Alfred Moore, who is probably the shortest Supreme Court justice ever to serve. Of the first five, all received some sort of higher education. John Marshall attended William and Mary Law School, which is noteworthy considering that few lawyers at the time were 31 Although federal judicial experience represents service on both district (trial) and appellate courts, experience on district, not appellate, courts is rare. Most justices with judicial experiences earned that experience on appellate courts, not district courts. 32 Newspaper articles found for this group of justices ranged in their content as well as their length. Articles came from both databases. An average of 6.8 articles were found and coded for each justice, although the number of articles ranged from 0 to 24. The mode was also 6. Only one picture, of George Sutherland, published in 1922, was found for this group. Unfortunately, pictures cannot be used to make any evaluations about the justices in this group because the technology required to print pictures was not largely available, especially not to local newspapers, as many of the articles from this came from.
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