Herbal medicine safety above all do no harm risk

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Herbal Medicine Safety ‘Above all do no harm’ - Risk – beneft - Individuals expectaton and goals of therapy o e.g. “gingko cures my ……..” - Special Populatons - Pregnant, Lactatng, Paediatric, Elderly, Chronic Disease o e.g. Teratogenic and Pharmacokinetc consideratons - Dose and duraton of therapy o e.g. ‘its safe to take long term because its natural’ - Potental toxicity o Intrinsic and extrinsic factors - Herb - disease interactons o e.g. the use of kelp in hyperthyroidism Downloaded by jh iu ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|5120665
- Herb - drug interactons o Garlic and antcoagulant medicatons 7.1 Managing Common Childhood Ailments in Pharmacy - No listed Learning outcomes – probably because this lecturer is retarded and put 65 slides in one lecture. The health of Australian Children - 21% of the Australian populaton are children - Generally, they are in good health (AIHW: < 3% in fair or poor health. - Visits to the GP are frequent in children - However, there is an increased incidence in chronic illness Medicine use in children - Prescripton medicines ~ 15 million - OTC medicines o 51% of parents use OTC medicines for their child o Most are cough and cold products o Commonly paracetamol based Problems in use of medicines - Parental percepton of OTC medicines safely – ofen used too much or unsafely - Improper indicaton of OTC medicines - Incorrect dosing - Accidental ingeston of medicines Common paediatric complaints - Pain/Fever - Cough - Colds - Colic - Teething - Rash - Constpaton - Diarrhoea Common Child Medicatons Downloaded by jh iu ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|5120665
What is a normal temperature? - Humans usually have a body temperature within a very narrow range (36.4 - 37.4ºC) - Body temperature changes about 1 degree throughout the day with the lowest temperature usually between 2-4am. What is fever? - Normally a child has a fever when their temperature is over 38 ºC (when taken by a thermometer in the mouth or under the arm). - A child with a fever ofen has a hot, fushed face. The forehead may feel hot. The child may feel hot, or sometmes even shivery. A child's hands and feet may feel cold, even when the rest of the child is hot. Children with fever are ofen miserable or tred. Types of Thermometers Mercury or digital Fever Strip Instant (Infra-red) How do I take the temperature? - Only one type of measurement should be taken o Auxillary (under the armpit – all ages) Place high under the armpit Place arm by the side Read in 3 mins These are examples of OTC Child products. These are old packaging. The Demazin and Dimetapp (as well as all cough/cold meds) are no longer recommended for children under the age of 6, however the companies simply repackaged the medicaton, marketng it as an allergy med, when in reality, it is exactly the same. Downloaded by jh iu ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|5120665
o Oral – Children > 5 years only Place as far under the tongue as possible Close mouth around the thermometer Read in 3 mins Inaccurate if had a recent hot or cold drink o Tympanic Not accurate in children < 3 months o Rectal

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