Intermodal transportation Use of two or more different modes Greater

Intermodal transportation use of two or more

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Intermodal transportation - Use of two or more different modes - Greater accessibility - Overall cost efficiency - Facilitates global trade - Development of standardized containers - Product-handling characteristics Containerized freight - a system of intermodal freight — without unloading and reloading cargo eg. Warehouse and from truck to ship directly - Globalization - reduced shipping time Effected some ports and taken jobs of people who were supposed to load and unload - Just in time manufacturing Transload freight: process of transferring shipment from one mode to another, cannot be in standardized container. Bulk carrier - liquid - 90% intermodal. Unless connected border - Containerization - anything that can fit into container - Outsource Decision Firms choose between “make” or “buy” - Commercial carriers “buy” - Private fleets “make” - External experts move the freight and/or manage the transportation process “buy” - 3PL “buy” - No control but flexibility - Modal Selection Determinants The nature of a product - Size 13
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Tuesday, 24 March AD 2020 - Durability - Product value (value to weight) - major factor that we use for transportation mode selection Shipment characteristics - Size, route, and required speed Other criteria - Accessibility + Motor carriage - air, rail, and water - Transit time + air and motor - rail, water, and pipeline - Reliability - how reliable each transportation mode is + motor and air - water and rail - Product safety + air transportation and motor carriage - rail and water - Cost + the cost of transportation service varies greatly between and within the modes - motor and air - Transportation Carriers Transportation service companies are classified legally as either common, contract, exempt, or private carriers - Common carriers: offer transportation services to all shippers at published rates between designated locations without discrimination Outsource - public transport, there are regulations to serve without any discrimination Rate if fixed and transportation route is fixed - Contract carriers: no bound to serve the general public, Contract carriers serve specific customers under contractual agreements 14
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Tuesday, 24 March AD 2020 Outsource Based on contract between customer and contractor - 3PL - Exempt carriers: exempt from regulation of services and rates and If they transport certain exempt products like produce, livestock, coal, or newspaper Gov agreement - waive from import and export tariff - Private carrier: not subject to economic regulation and typically transports goods for the company owning the carrier Company perform transportation themselves, think about possibilities of performing by themselves, maybe worth to invest - Shipment Preparation Corporate transportation routing guide Last-minute, cost-saving decisions - Consolidate shipment deliveries - Coordinate shipment deliveries - Take full advantage of container capacity - An accurate freight count should be taken Freight Documentation eg. Bill of lading, freight bill - Maintain In-transit Visibility and Monitor Service Quality
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