Influence of Confucianism Focus on family ethics and society Not nature or the

Influence of confucianism focus on family ethics and

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Influence of Confucianism Focus on family, ethics, and society Not nature or the world outside human affairs Emphasized the ethical and moral dimensions of behavior and statecraft and the maintenance of a harmonious society. Sustained status quo Created divide between the educated and the crafts Merchants and accumulated wealth antisocial What were the characteristics of Chinese technology? Chinese Technology Practical Production and industry owned by government Artisans and engineers separate from education and learning Working with hands looked down upon Chinese Study Guide Part II:What made the Song Dynasty so successful?
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The Song Dynasty (960­1126) Zenith of science and technology Surplus food (agricultural changes) Centralization of power Urbanization Issued paper money in 1024 (facilitated growth) A leisured middle class arose along with the commercialization of agricultural commodities, increased trade, and expanded manufacturing. The bureaucracy was huge; a report from Ming times puts the number of state civil servants at 100k, exclusive of military officers. Such organization allowed direct control by the emperor down to the village level. What was Chinese gunpowder first used for? Discovered in 1044 in a book called The Military Classics For incendiaries ­ for bombs designed to be thrown from catapults In order to set fire to things or produce poisonous smoke Took about 200 yrs. From first recipes for it to actually explode What were the three main ingredients used to make gunpowder? Saltpeter ­ which generates the oxygen Has to be mixed with the other ingredients well ­ the ones that burn Sulfur Charcoal What is the active ingredient in gunpowder? Saltpeter Sulfur and charcoal act as the fuel and saltpeter is the oxidizer Why were the first recipes for gunpowder unable to produce explosions? Not enough or not any saltpeter which is the key component What functions did Su Song’s clock tower provide? A song dynasty diplomat & civil servant ­ Su Sung Got a government commission to build a machine to replicate celestial movements Also correct shortcomings in official calendar Counted out the hours Turned a bronze armillary sphere and celestial globe In synchrony with the heavens How did Su Song’s clock work? 40 foot high tower Powered by a waterwheel Controlled by complicated gearing Had 133 different clock jacks to indicate and sound the hours Featured oldest known endless power­transmitting chain drive called “Tian ti” Chinese Rocket:
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Tied a bamboo tube to an arrow packed w/ gunpowder and add a fuse Attached a small iron weight near feathers to tilt arrowhead up Longer flight Chinese used first for pyrotechnics Earliest rockets ~ 1264 Next two centuries Drilled holes in gunpowder for any even burn Shot the gas backward allowing it to travel further Constricted opening at the back making it even more powerful Range of 10 football fields Developed a multiple rocket launcher Tipped with poison What kind of conditions were Chinese Junks built for?
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