PAST CONTINUOUS She said that she was learning French PAST PERFECT SIMPLE He

Past continuous she said that she was learning french

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PAST CONTINUOUS She said (that) she was learning French. PAST PERFECT SIMPLE He said (that) he had written a reply. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS She said (that) she had been doing exercises. PAST PERFECT SIMPLE She said (that) she had practised the piano. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS He said (that) he had been playing a computer game. FUTURE PAST He said (that) he would book the tickets. She said (that) she would be marking tests. TO + BARE INFINITIVE He told me to stop talking. She asked us not to waste paper. MODAL He said that he could write clearly . He asked if he should hang up the washing. He said that he might play tennis on Saturday. He said that he had to hand in his composition. TIME EXPRESSIONS then that day the day before, the previous day the next / following day, the day after the next / following week / month the previous week / month, the week / month before the week before there that those Notes 1. The Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect Continuous do not change in indirect speech. She said, “I had expected a reply.” She said she had expected a reply. He said, “I had been working there for a while He said he had been working there for a while when we met.” when they met. 2. The modals should , could , would , might and ought to do not change in indirect speech. continued continued
GRAMMAR APPENDIX GRAMMAR APPENDIX GRAMMAR APPENDIX 11 3. If the reporting verb is in the Present Simple, Present Perfect or Future Simple, the tense of the verb in the main clause does not change. He says, “I can come next week.” He says that he can come next week.” 4. When we report something which is a fact, we do not need to change the tense of the verb. She said, “PETA is an international organisation.” She explained that PETA is (was) an international organisation. 5. a. In indirect speech, the first conditional is often reported as the second conditional. If I hear any news, I will tell you,” she said. She said that if she heard any news, she would tell me. b. The second and third conditionals require no change in indirect speech. John said, “ If I won a trip, I ’d go to Thailand.” John said that if he won a trip, he ’d go to Thailand. 6. When we report questions, we change the word order to that of a regular sentence. (This is the same rule as for indirect questions.) a. Wh- Questions Why are you crying ?” he asked. He asked why I was crying . b. Yes / No Questions Do you play basketball?” “No, I don’t .” She asked whether / if I played basketball, and I replied that I didn’t .

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