church. Ordered her to stand trial and stopped holding meetings. She told them that God spoke to her = blasphemy = banishment from Massachusetts = moved to Providence with her followers. Church struggled to survive = dissolved = moved to New Amsterdam = perished in an Indian attack. The Salem Witch Hunt (1692) – A bunch of young girls start acting weird = explained that they were bewitched = frighten people (the younger people) back into conformity/the church, but lost control. If a tree falls in a forest = signs of battle betweengood and evil = used in sermons. Believed in unicorns and mermaids. Common folk believed more in magic. Puritan Ministers tried to stamp out the local practice of magic, but these beliefs still existed. At their most hysterical when trying to eradicate witches. 1st100 years = 322 people accused of witchcraft, mostly women = not many executions (only 36) unless there is human cooperation with the devil. Women were accused most often due to prejudice (intellectually frail = cooperation with the devil, drawn to sex, household duties in the community). 43 people confessed. 4 young girls gathered and leafed through a book about the casting of spells and began to become frightened and acting odd. Took the girls to a physician = devil’s work. Old woman tells them to mix theirurine to a meal and feed it to the dog to see if it would act like them, a sign of bewitchment = no reaction. The reactions spread and most were servant girls and they accused 3 women (Sarah Good). Good demanded handouts, had a never-do-well for a husband. Sarah Osborne = never went to church and slept with the man who took care of her house (was a widow). Tituba, a slave woman with no friends, not Christian, confessed but said she stopped doing so and was asked to list others involved = hysteria and accusations. One of the girls told her that she made up the accusations, recanted her confession, and the hysteria continued. Told everyone that if they confessed, they wouldn’t be executed = full jail and their property was confiscated. No one wanted to confess, but neighbors accused neighbors to try and get their land. Torture was even involved to get people to confess, but they still refused. Sarah Good was hanged. 20 alleged witches were hanged. Started on February and went on through most of the year. The governor, whose wife was accused, put a stop to this (no spectral evidence allowed = don’t believe the girls). 10 years later, one of the original accusing girls asked for forgiveness and was readmitted into the church. They reversed the convictions,
except for 7 and paid reparations to any surviving victims to this hysteria. This revealed the wealth class tensions between the upper, middle, and lower class. All of the accuserslived outside of town and pointed fingers at those in town. Most accusers were also indentured servants. All accusers were teenagers and the accused were middle aged.